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Operasyon Entebbe

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Operasyon Entebbe
Parte kan kan Arab–Israeli na diringkilan
Petsa 4 Hulyo 1976
Lugar Entebbe Airport, Uganda
Kinaluwasan eksito kan Israeli
  • 102 kan 106 na hostage an nareskyu[1]
  • Sarong kwarterya kan air force nin Uganda an nadaog[2]
Nagralabanan
 Israel
Suportado kan:
 Kenya
PFLP-EO
Revolutionary Cells
 Uganda
Komandante
Flag of Israel Dan Shomron
Flag of Israel Yekutiel Adam
Flag of Israel Benny Peled
Flag of Israel Yonatan Netanyahu 
Wadie Haddad
Wilfried Böse 
Flag of Uganda Idi Amin
Kusog
c. 100 kommando dugang an air crew asin suportang tauhan 7 hijackers
100+ Ugandanong soldado
Biktima
1 nagadan
5 nalugadan
Hijackers:
7 nagadan
Uganda:
45 nagadan[3]
11–30 erokraptong napasabog[4]
3 hostage na nagadan[5][6]
10 hostage an nalugadan
Madudugangan an Operasyon Entebbe sa Kinában
Operasyon Entebbe (Kinában)

An Operasyon Entebbe, na inapod man na Entebbe Raid o Operasyon Thunderbolt, sarong kontra-teroristang pagligtas sa mga hostage na misyon ginibo kan mga komandos kan mga Israel Defense Forces (IDF) sa Entebbe Airport sa Uganda kan petsa 4 Hulyo 1976.[7]

Kan semanang nagtalikod, 27 Hunyo, an Air France Airbus A300 na jet airliner na may lunad na 248 na pasahero nahijack nin duwang myembro Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations (PFLP-EO) sa sugo ni Wadie Haddad (na kan amay-amay naglitik sa PFLP ni George Habash),[8] asin duwang myembro kan Aleman na Revolutionary Cells.An mga hijacker pinaghayag an saindang katuyohan iyo na mapaluwas an 40 Palestino asin iba pang mga militante na nakukulong sa Israel asin 13 preso pa sa apat pang mga nasyon karibay an mga saindang hinostage.[9] An paglayog, na naghale sa Tel Aviv na may destinasyon sa Paris, napalisya sa direksyon kan ini naghugpa na ngona sa Athens na naglikaw sa Benghazi pasiring Entebbe, an mayor na aeropwerto kan Uganda. An gobyerno kan Uganda pig'ampoyonan an mga hijacker, asin ni diktador na si Idi Amin, na enot na palan pinaaram kan pangyaring hijacking pakapoon pa lang,[10] asin personal na pigsabat sinda.[11] Pakalipatan an mga hostage hale sa eroplano asin dinara sa sarong edipisyong bakante sa aeropwerto, an mga hijacker piglaen-laen an mga Israeli asin mga iba pang Hudyo duman sa bakong mga Hudyo saka pinirit sindang darahon sa suway na kwarto.[12][13][14] Kan masurunod na duwang aldaw, 148 bakong mga Israeli'ng hostage binutsan asin ipiglayog pasiring Paris.[13][14][15] Siyam na pulo may apat (94), na mga pasaherong Israeli, kaiba an 12-myembrong Air France crew, nawalat na mga hostage asin sinda pighuhumaan na garadanon.[16][17]

Toltolan[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  1. McRaven, Bill. "Tactical Combat Casualty Care – November 2010". MHS US Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. 1976: Israelis rescue Entebbe hostages, BBC
  3. Entebbe: The Most Daring Raid of Israel's Special Forces, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2011, by Simon Dunstan, p. 58 [Nawawara an ISBN]
  4. Brzoska, Michael; Pearson, Frederic S. Arms and Warfare: Escalation, De-escalation, and Negotiation, Univ. of S. Carolina Press (1994) p. 203 [Nawawara an ISBN]
  5. "Entebbe raid". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  6. "BBC on This Day – 4 – 1976: Israelis rescue Entebbe hostages". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/4/newsid_2786000/2786967.stm. 
  7. Smith, Terence (4 July 1976). "Hostages Freed as Israelis Raid Uganda Airport; Commandos in 3 Planes Rescue 105-Casualties Unknown Israelis Raid Uganda Airport And Free Hijackers' Hostages". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1976/07/04/archives/hostages-freed-as-israelis-raid-uganda-airport-commandos-in-3.html. 
  8. Error sa pag-cite: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na Hartuv
  9. "Hijacking of Air France Airbus by Followers of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – Israeli Action to liberate Hostages held at Entebbe Airport ...". Keesing's Record of World Events 22: 27888. August 1976. https://web.stanford.edu/group/tomzgroup/pmwiki/uploads/1377-1976-08-KS-a-RCW.pdf. Retrieved on 23 September 2014. 
  10. Furst, Alan (2016). "'Operation Thunderbolt,' by Saul David". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/24/books/review/operation-thunderbolt-by-saul-david.html. 
  11. "Idi Amin's Son: My Dream Is to Apologize Personally to Family of Entebbe Victims". Ha'aretz. 14 June 2016. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/idi-amin-s-son-my-dream-is-to-apologize-personally-to-family-of-entebbe-victims-1.5396014. 
  12. Error sa pag-cite: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na Freed Hostages Tell Their Story
  13. 13.0 13.1 Simon Dunstan (2011). Entebbe: The Most Daring Raid of Israel's Special Forces. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 20–24. ISBN 978-1-4488-1868-6. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 Mark Ensalaco (2008). Middle Eastern Terrorism: From Black September to September 11. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 96–. ISBN 978-0-8122-4046-7. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  15. "Entebbe; Thirty Years On; miracle on the runway". Jewish Telegraph. 2006. http://www.jewishtelegraph.com/enteb_1.html. 
  16. Sol Scharfstein (1994). Understanding IsraelFree registration required. KTAV Publishing House, Inc. pp. 118–. ISBN 978-0-88125-428-0. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  17. Dunstan, Simon (2009). Israel's Lighting Strike, The raid on Entebbe 1976. Osprey Publishing; Osprey Raid Series No. 2. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-84603-397-1.