Lista nin mga Presidente kan Estados Unidos

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Maglukso sa: paglibotlibot, hanapon

An Presidente kan Estados Unidos iyo an pamayo kan estado asin gobierno kan Estados Unidos. Si Barack Obama an presenteng presidente kan nacion.

Presidents[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Parties

      None       Federalista       Demokratiko-Republikano       Demokratiko       Whig       Republikano

#[n 1] Presidente Naglaog sa opisina Naghiling sa opisina Partido Bise Presidente Term
1 Gilbert Stuart, George Washington (Lansdowne portrait, 1796).jpg George Washington
[1][2][3][4]
Abril 30, 1789 Marso 4, 1797 Dai nin partido John Adams 1
2
2 Adamstrumbull.jpg John Adams
[5][6][7][8]
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Federalist Thomas Jefferson 3
3 Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg Thomas Jefferson
[9][10][11][12]
March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr 4
George Clinton 5
4 Jm4.gif James Madison
[13][14][15][16]
March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Democratic-Republican George Clinton[n 2] 6
vacant
Elbridge Gerry[n 2] 7
vacant
5 James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James Monroe
[17][18][19][20]
March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic-Republican Daniel D. Tompkins 8
9
6 John Quincy Adams by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg John Quincy Adams
[21][22][23][24]
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Democratic-Republican
National Republican
John C. Calhoun 10
7 Andrew jackson head.jpg Andrew Jackson
[25][26][27][28]
March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic John C. Calhoun[n 3] 11
vacant
Martin Van Buren 12
8 Martin Van Buren by George PA Healy, 1858.gif Martin Van Buren
[29][30][31][32]
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 Democratic Richard Mentor Johnson 13
9 William Henry Harrison by James Reid Lambdin, 1835.jpg William Henry Harrison
[33][34][35][36]
March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841[n 2] Whig John Tyler 14
10 WHOportTyler.jpg John Tyler
[37][38][39][40]
April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig
No party[n 4]
vacant
11 James Knox Polk by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg James K. Polk
[41][42][43][44]
March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic George M. Dallas 15
12 Zachary Taylor 2.jpg Zachary Taylor
[45][46][47][48]
March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850[n 2] Whig Millard Fillmore 16
13 Millard Fillmore White House portrait.png Millard Fillmore
[49][50][51][52]
July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 Whig vacant
14 Franklin Pierce by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg Franklin Pierce
[53][54][55][56]
March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic William R. King[n 2] 17
vacant
15 Jb15.gif James Buchanan
[57][58][59][60]
March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic John C. Breckinridge 18
16 Abraham Lincoln by George Peter Alexander Healy.jpg Abraham Lincoln
[61][62][63][64]
March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865[n 5] Republican
National Union[n 6]
Hannibal Hamlin 19
Andrew Johnson 20
17 Andrew Johnson portrait.jpg Andrew Johnson
[65][66][67][68]
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic
National Union[n 6]
vacant
18 Ulysses S. Grant.jpg Ulysses S. Grant
[69][70][71][72]
March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican Schuyler Colfax 21
Henry Wilson[n 2] 22
vacant
19 Daniel Huntington - Rutherford Birchard Hayes - Google Art Project.jpg Rutherford B. Hayes
[73][74][75][76]
March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican William A. Wheeler 23
20 James Garfield portrait.jpg James A. Garfield
[77][78][79][80]
March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881[n 5] Republican Chester A. Arthur 24
21 Chester A Arthur by Daniel Huntington.jpeg Chester A. Arthur
[81][82][83][84]
September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican vacant
22 Grover Cleveland portrait2.jpg Grover Cleveland
[85][86][87][88]
March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889 Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks[n 2] 25
vacant
23 Bharrison.png Benjamin Harrison
[89][90][91][92]
March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 Republican Levi P. Morton 26
24 Grover Cleveland, painting by Anders Zorn.jpg Grover Cleveland
(2nd term)
[85][86][87][88]
March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic Adlai E. Stevenson I 27
25 Official White House portrait of William McKinley.jpg William McKinley
[93][94][95][96]
March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901[n 5] Republican Garret Hobart[n 2] 28
vacant
Theodore Roosevelt 29
26 TRSargent.jpg Theodore Roosevelt
[97][98][99][100]
September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 Republican vacant
Charles W. Fairbanks 30
27 TaftOfficial Portrait.jpg William Howard Taft
[101][102][103][104]
March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Republican James S. Sherman[n 2] 31
vacant
28 Ww28.jpg Woodrow Wilson
[105][106][107][108]
March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic Thomas R. Marshall 32
33
29 Wh29.gif Warren G. Harding
[109][110][111][112]
March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923[n 2] Republican Calvin Coolidge 34
30 CoolidgeWHPortrait.jpg Calvin Coolidge
[113][114][115][116]
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican vacant
Charles G. Dawes 35
31 Herbert Clark Hoover by Greene, 1956.jpg Herbert Hoover
[117][118][119][120]
March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Republican Charles Curtis 36
32 FDR in 1933.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt
[121][122][123][124]
March 4, 1933 April 12, 1945[n 2] Democratic John Nance Garner 37
38
Henry A. Wallace 39
Harry S. Truman 40
33 HarryTruman.jpg Harry S. Truman
[125][126][127][128]
April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic vacant
Alben W. Barkley 41
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower, official Presidential portrait.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower
[129][130][131][132]
January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961 Republican Richard Nixon 42
43
35 John F Kennedy Official Portrait.jpg John F. Kennedy
[133][134][135][136]
January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963[n 5] Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson 44
36 Lbj2.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson
[137][138][139][140]
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic vacant
Hubert Humphrey 45
37 Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg Richard Nixon
[141][142][143][144]
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974[n 3] Republican Spiro Agnew[n 3] 46
47
vacant
Gerald Ford
38 Gerald Ford.jpg Gerald Ford
[145][146][147][148]
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Republican vacant
Nelson Rockefeller
39 Jimmy Carter.jpg Jimmy Carter
[149][150][151][152]
January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 Democratic Walter Mondale 48
40 Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan
[153][154][155][156]
January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican George H. W. Bush 49
50
41 George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush
[157][158][159][160]
January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican Dan Quayle 51
42 Bill Clinton.jpg Bill Clinton
[161][162][163][164]
January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic Al Gore 52
53
43 George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush
[165][166][167][168]
January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican Dick Cheney 54
55
44 Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama
[169][170][171]
January 20, 2009 Incumbent   Democratic   Joe Biden 56



Sambiton an kasalaan: <ref> mga tatak na eksistido para sa sarong grupo na pinagngaranan na "n", alagad mayong kinasungkoan na <mga pinapanungdanan na grupo="n"/>na tatak an nanagboan, o sarong panarado </ref> an nawawara

  1. The White House (March 12, 2007). "Biography of George Washington". Whitehouse.gov. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewashington/. Retrieved on Enero 12, 2009. 
  2. "The First President: 1789–1797 George Washington "Father of his Country"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/washington_george.shtml. Retrieved on Enero 12, 2009. 
  3. "George Washington – Independent Party – 1st President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/washington. Retrieved on Enero 12 2009. 
  4. "George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/gwashington.asp. Retrieved on Enero 12, 2009. 
  5. "Biography of John Adams". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnadams/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  6. "The Second President: 1797–1801 John Adams "Following in the Footsteps"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/adams_john.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  7. "John Adams – Federalist Party – 2nd President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/adams. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  8. "John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=2. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  9. "Biography of Thomas Jefferson". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/thomasjefferson/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  10. "The Third President: 1801–1809 Thomas Jefferson "The Renaissance Leader"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/jefferson_thomas.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  11. "Thomas Jefferson – Democratic-Republican Party – 3rd President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/jefferson. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  12. "Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=3. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  13. "Biography of James Madison". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmadison/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  14. "The Fourth President: 1809–1817 James Madison "The Nation Builder"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/madison_james.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  15. "James Madison – Democratic-Republican Party – 4th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/madison. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  16. "James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=4. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  17. "Biography of James Madison". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmonroe/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  18. "The Fifth President: 1817–1825 James Monroe "The Era of Good Feelings"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/monroe_james.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  19. "James Monroe – Democratic-Republican Party – 5th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/monroe. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  20. "James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=5. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  21. "Biography of John Quincy Adams". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnquincyadams/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  22. "The Sixth President: 1825–1829 John Quincy Adams "Born to Lead"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/adams_johnquincy.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  23. "John Quincy Adams – Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, WHIG Party – 6th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/johnqadams. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  24. "John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=6. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  25. "Biography of Andrew Jackson". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/andrewjackson/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  26. "The Seventh President: 1829–1837 Andrew Jackson "Old Hickory"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/jackson_andrew.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  27. "Andrew Jackson – Democratic-Republican Party – 7th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/jackson. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  28. "Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=7. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  29. "Biography of Martin Van Buren". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/martinvanburen/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  30. "The Eighth President: 1837–1841 Martin Van Buren "The Red Fox"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/vanburen_martin.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  31. "Martin Van Buren – Democratic-Republican, Democratic, and Free Soil Party – 8th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/vanburen. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  32. "Martin Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=8. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  33. "Biography of William Henry Harrison". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamhenryharrison/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  34. "The Ninth President: 1841–1841 William Henry Harrison "Old Tippecanoe"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/harrison_william.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  35. "William Henry Harrison – WHIG Party – 9th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/williamhenryharrison. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  36. "William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=9. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  37. "Biography of John Tyler". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johntyler/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  38. "The Tenth President: 1841–1845 John Tyler "His Accidency"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/tyler_john.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  39. "John Tyler – No Party – 10th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/tyler. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  40. "John Tyler (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=10. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  41. "Biography of James Polk". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamespolk/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  42. "The Eleventh President: 1845–1849 James Knox Polk "The Dark Horse"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/polk_james.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  43. "James Polk – Democratic Party – 11th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/polk. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  44. "James K. Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=11. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  45. "Biography of Zachary Tyler". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/zacharytaylor/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  46. "The Twelfth President: 1849–1850 Zachary Taylor "Old Rough-and-Ready"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/taylor_zachary.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  47. "Zachary Taylor – WHIG Party – 12th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/taylor. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  48. "Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=12. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  49. "Biography of Millard Fillmore". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/millardfillmore/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  50. "The Thirteenth President: 1850–1853 Millard Fillmore "Forgotten Leader"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/fillmore_millard.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  51. "Millard Filmore – WHIG Party – 13th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/fillmore. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  52. "Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=13. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  53. "Biography of Franklin Pierce". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklinpierce/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  54. "The Fourteenth President: 1853–1857 Franklin Pierce "Overwhelmed by Events"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/fillmore_millard.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  55. "Franklin Pierce – Democratic Party – 14th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/pierce. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  56. "Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=14. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  57. "Biography of James Buchanan". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesbuchanan/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  58. "The Fifteenth President: 1857–1861 James Buchanan "An American Hero"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/buchanan_james.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  59. "James Buchanan – Democratic Party – 15th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/buchanan. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  60. "James Buchanan (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=15. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  61. "Biography of Abraham Lincoln". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincoln/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  62. "The Sixteenth President: 1861–1865 Abraham Lincoln "The Great Emancipator"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/lincoln_abraham.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  63. "Abraham Lincoln – Republic, National Union Party – 16th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/lincoln. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  64. "Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=16. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  65. "Biography of Andrew Johnson". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/andrewjohnson/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  66. "The Seventeenth President: 1865–1869 Andrew Johnson "Between North and South"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/johnson_andrew.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  67. "Andrew Johnson – National Union Party – 17th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/andrewjohnson. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  68. "Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=17. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  69. "Biography of Ulysses S. Grant". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/ulyssessgrant/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  70. "The Eighteenth President: 1869–1877 Ulysses Simpson Grant "The Hero as Politician"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/grant_ulysses.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  71. "Ulysses S. Grant – National Union Party – 18th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/grant. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  72. "Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=18. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  73. "Biography of Rutherford B. Hayes". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/rutherfordbhayes/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  74. "The Nineteenth President: 1877–1881 Rutherford Birchard Hayes "Striving For A Fresh Start"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/hayes_rutherford.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  75. "Rutherford B. Hayes – Republican Party – 19th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/hayes. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  76. "Rutherford B. Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=19. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  77. "Biography of James Garfield". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesgarfield/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  78. "The Twentieth President: 1881–1881 James Abram Garfield "The Preacher"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/garfield_james.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  79. "James Garfield – Republican Party – 20th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/garfield. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  80. "James A. Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=20. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  81. "Biography of Chester Arthur". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/chesterarthur/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  82. "The Twenty-First President: 1881–1885 Chester Alan Arthur "The Self-Reformer"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/garfield_james.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  83. "Chester A. Arthur – Republican Party – 21st President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/arthur. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  84. "Chester A. Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=21. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  85. 85.0 85.1 "Biography of Grover Cleveland". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. Archived from the original on February 22, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090122233630/http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/grovercleveland/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  86. 86.0 86.1 "The Twenty-Second President: 1885–1889 The Twenty-Fourth President: 1893–1897 Grover Cleveland "The Law Man"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/cleveland_grover.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  87. 87.0 87.1 "Grover Cleveland – Democratic Party – 22nd and 24th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/cleveland. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  88. 88.0 88.1 "Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=22. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  89. "Biography of Benjamin Harrison". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/benjaminharrison/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  90. "The Twenty-Third President: 1889–1893 Benjamin Harrison "Presidential Grandson"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/cleveland_grover.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  91. "William Henry Harrison – Whig Party – 23rd President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/benjaminharrison. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  92. "Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=23. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  93. "Biography of William McKinley". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williammckinley/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  94. "The Twenty-Fifth President: 1897–1901 William McKinley "Bridge to a New Century"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/mckinley_william.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  95. "William McKinley – Republican Party – 25th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/mckinley. Retrieved on January 12 2009. 
  96. "William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901)". Plantilya:Italiclink. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=24. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  97. "Biography of Theodore Roosevelt". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/theodoreroosevelt/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  98. "The Twenty-Sixth President: 1901–1909 Theodore Roosevelt "The Giant in the Bully Pulpit"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/roosevelt_theodore.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  101. "Biography of William Howard Taft". Whitehouse.gov. March 13, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamhowardtaft/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  113. "Biography of Calvin Coolidge". Whitehouse.gov. March 13, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/calvincoolidge/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  117. "Biography of Herbert Hoover". Whitehouse.gov. March 13, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/herberthoover/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  121. "Biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt". Whitehouse.gov. March 20, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklindroosevelt/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  125. "Biography of Harry S Truman". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/harrystruman/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  129. "Biography of Dwight D. Eisenhower". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/dwightdeisenhower/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  130. "The Thirty-Fourth President: 1953–1961 Dwight David Eisenhower "I Like Ike"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/eisenhower_dwight.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  133. "Biography of John F. Kennedy". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnfkennedy/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  137. "Biography of Lyndon B. Johnson". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090122233819/http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/lyndonjohnson/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  141. "Richard M. Nixon". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/richardnixon/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  145. "Biography of Gerald R. Ford". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/geraldford/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  149. "Biography of Jimmy Carter". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jimmycarter. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  153. "Biography of Ronald Reagan". Whitehouse.gov. June 25, 2008. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/ronaldreagan/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  157. "Biography of George Herbert Walker Bush". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgehwbush/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
  158. "The Forty-First President: 1989–1993 George Herbert Walker Bush "The Last Cold Warrior"". Plantilya:Italiclink. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/bush_george_sr.shtml. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  161. "Biography of William J. Clinton". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamjclinton/. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. 
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  169. "President Barack Obama". Whitehouse.gov. January 20, 2009. http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president_obama/. Retrieved on January 20 2009. 
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