Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

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Si Mahatma Gandhi

Si Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; Hindi: मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी, sinasayod [moːɦənd̪aːs kərəmtɕənd̪ ɡaːnd̪ʱi] Oktobre 2 1869Enero 30 1948) sarong pre-eminenteng lider pulitikal asin ideolohikal kan India sa panahon nagbungkaras an hiron para sa katalingkasan sa India. Siya an nanganan kan hiron nin pagtumang na matoninong {satyagraha} Ini boot sabihon magbabatotilan an namamanwaan sa anoman na pasunod kan gobyerno, sarong pilosopiya na nakabatay sa ahimsa (matoninong na pagtumang). An konseptong ini nagtabang na gayo sa India sa pagkamit nin katalingkasan asin nagtaong kusogboot sa mga movimiento para sa deretso sibil asin independensya. Si Gandhi parati inaapod na Mahatma ([məɦaːt̪maː]; Sanskrto: महात्मा mahātmā or "Great Soul" (maboot asin matinao), bansag na enot pinagpatongod ki Rabindranath Tagore. Inaapod pa man siya sa India na Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ, bāpu or "Ama") asin siya pigoonra komo Ama kan Nasyon. An kumpleanyo niya, Oktobre 2, sarong dakulang piyesta sa enterong India (Gandhi Jayanti). Si Gandhi pig'asasinar kan Enero 390, 1948 ni Nathuram Godse.

Mga panluwas na takod[liwatón | liwaton an gikanan]

Bibliograpiya[liwatón | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)
  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)
  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)
  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)
  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)
  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)
  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)
  • Bhana, Surendra and Goolam Vahed. The Making of a Political Reformer: Gandhi in South Africa, 1893–1914. New Delhi: Manohar, 2005.
  • Bondurant, Joan V. (1988). Conquest of Violence : The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton UP. (ISBN 0-691-02281-X) Image d'une plume
  • Chadha, Yogesh. Gandhi: A Life. (ISBN 0-471-35062-1)
  • Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, chapter 7. (ISBN 1-57075-547-7)
  • Dutta, Krishna and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore: An Anthology, 1997, Londres: Picador/Macmillan. (ISBN 0-330-34962-7)
  • Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi The Man. (ISBN 0-915132-96-6)
  • Gandhi, Rajmohan (1990). Patel: A Life. Navajivan Publishing House. (ISBN 81-7229-138-8) Image d'une plume
  • Hunt, James D. Gandhi in London, New Delhi, Promilla & Co., 1978.
  • Mann, Bernhard. "The Pedagogical and Political Concepts of Mahatma Gandhi and Paulo Freire". In: Claußen, B. (Ed.) International Studies in Political Socialization and Education, Bd. 8, Hambourg, 1996. (ISBN 3-926952-97-0)
  • Rühe, Peter. Gandhi : A Photo biography., 2002. (ISBN 0-7148-9279-3)
  • Sharp, Gene. Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics, Boston, Extending Horizon Books, 1979.
  • Sofri, Gianni. Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus, 1995. (ISBN 1-900624-12-5)