Alice Walker

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Si Alice Malsenior Tallulah-Kate Walker (namundag Pebrero 9, 1944) sarong Amerikanong nobelista, halipot na parasurat nin istorya, poeta, asin aktibistang sosyal. Kan 1982, siya an nagin inot na babaying Aprikano-Amerikano na nanggana kan Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, na iginawad saiya huli sa saiyang nobelang The Color Purple.[1] Sa lawig kan saiyang karera, si Walker nagpublikar na nin disisyeteng nobela asin halipot na osipon, doseng non-fiction na mga gibo, asin koleksyon nin mga komposisyon asin tula.

Buhay[baguhon | baguhon an source]

Si Alice Malsenior Walker pinangaki sa Eatonton, Georgia, sarong banwaan sa probinsiya nin pag-ooma, ki Willie Lee Walker asin Minnie Tallulah Grant.[2][3] An mga magurang ni Walker pareho mga kahiras, minsan ngani an saiyang ina nagtrabaho man bilang paratahi tanganing makaganar nin dagdag na kwarta. Si Walker, an pinakangohod sa walong magturugang, enot na nag-enrol sa eskwelahan kan siya apat pa sanang taon sa East Putinam Consolided.[2]

Kan siya walong taon, si Walker nagkaigwa nin danyos sa saiyang toong mata pakatapos na an saro sa saiyang mga tugang makaputok nin badil na BB. Mantang an saiyang pamilya mayo nin kotse, si Walker dai nakakua nin tolos - tolos na medikal na atension, na nagin dahelan na siya magin permanenteng buta an saiyang mata iyan. Pakatapos kan danyos sa saiyang mata, pinonan ni Walker an pagbasa asin pagsurat.[2] An pinilaan hinale kan si Walker 14 anyos, an marka yaon pa man giraray. Iyan ilinaladawan sa saiyang komposisyon na "Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self"[4][5]

Gawad asin onra[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  • MacDowell Colony Fellowships (1967 and 1974)
  • Ingram Merrill Foundation Fellowship (1967)
  • Candace Award, Arts and Letters, National Coalition of 100 Black Women (1982)
  • Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (1983) for The Color Purple
  • National Book Award for Fiction (1983) for The Color Purple
  • O. Henry Award for "Kindred Spirits" (1985)
  • Honorary degree from the California Institute of the Arts (1995)
  • American Humanist Association named her as "Humanist of the Year" (1997)
  • Lillian Smith Award from the National Endowment for the Arts
  • Rosenthal Award from the National Institute of Arts & Letters
  • Radcliffe Institute Fellowship, the Merrill Fellowship, and a Guggenheim Fellowship
  • Front Page Award for Best Magazine Criticism from the Newswoman's Club of New York
  • Induction into the Georgia Writers Hall of Fame (2001)
  • Induction into the California Hall of Fame in The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts (2006)
  • Domestic Human Rights Award from Global Exchange (2007)
  • The LennonOno Grant for Peace (2010)

Mga Piling gibo[baguhon | baguhon an source]

Novels and short story collections[baguhon | baguhon an source]

Poetry collections[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  • Once (1968)
  • Revolutionary Petunias and Other Poems (1973)
  • Good Night, Willie Lee, I'll See You in the Morning (1979)
  • Horses Make a Landscape Look More Beautiful (1985)
  • Her Blue Body Everything We Know: Earthling Poems (1991)
  • Absolute Trust in the Goodness of the Earth (2003)
  • A Poem Traveled Down My Arm: Poems And Drawings (2003)
  • Collected Poems (2005)
  • Hard Times Require Furious Dancing: New Poems (2010)
  • Taking the Arrow Out of the Heart (2018)

Non-fiction books[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  • In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens: Womanist Prose (1983)
  • Living by the Word (1988)
  • Warrior Marks (1993)
  • The Same River Twice: Honoring the Difficult (1996)
  • Anything We Love Can Be Saved: A Writer's Activism (1997)
  • Sent By Earth: A Message from the Grandmother Spirit After the Bombing of the World Trade Center and Pentagon (2001)
  • We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For (2006)
  • Pema Chödrön and Alice Walker in Conversation
  • Overcoming Speechlessness (2010)
  • Chicken Chronicles, A Memoir (2011)
  • The cushion in the road – Meditation and wandering as the whole world awakens to be in harm's way (2013)

Essays[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  • "Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self" (1983)

Mga toltolan[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  1. "National Book Awards – 1983".
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Bates, Gerri (2005). Alice Walker: A Critical CompanionFree registration required. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313069093. OCLC 62321382.  Error sa pag-cite: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":5" defined multiple times with different content
  3. Moore, Geneva Cobb, and Andrew Billingsley.
  4. World Authors 1995–2000, 2003.
  5. Error sa pag-cite: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na :06