Anita Baker

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Anita Baker
Anita Baker 1998.jpg
Baker in 1998
Panlikod na inpormasyon
Pangaran kan iminundagAnita Denise Baker
Iminundag (1958-01-26) Enero 26, 1958 (edad 61)
Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
PinaghaleanDetroit, Michigan, U.S.
Mga Genre
Mga trabahoSinger-songwriter
Mga taon nin aktibo1979–2013
2018–present
Mga Label
Mga sinusuportahang hiro
Anita Baker
Anita Baker 1998.jpg
Si Baker kan 1998
Panlikod na inpormasyon
Pangaran kan iminundagAnita Denise Baker
Iminundag (1958-01-26) Enero 26, 1958 (edad 61)
Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
PinaghaleanDetroit, Michigan, U.S.
Mga Genre
Mga trabahoParakanta-Parasurat Kanta
Mga taon nin aktibo1979–2013
2018–present
Mga Label
Mga sinusuportahang hiro

Anita Denise Baker (namundag kan Enero 26, 1958)[1] sarong Amerikanong parakanta asin parasurat kanta. Nagpuon an saiyang karera sa mga huring taon kan dekad '70. Kaiba an bandang funk na Chapter 8, si Baker iniluwas an saiyang inot na solo album, The Songstress, kan 1983. Kan 1986, nagtaas sa kasikatan kan pagluwas kan saiyang panduwang platinum-seling na album, an Rapture, na kasali an ginawadan kan Grammy na single ang "Sweet Love". Siya inaapod na saro sa mga sikat na parakanta kan mga soulful romantic ballads sa panahon kan <i>quiet storm</i> na panahon kan contemporary R&B kan 1980s.[1] Hasta sa taon na 2017, si Baker nanggana na nin walong Grammy Awards asin may limang platinum albums asin sarong gold album. An saiyang vocal range inaapod na contralto.[2][3][4][5]

Kaamayi kan buhay[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Si Anita Baker namundag kan Enero 26, 1958 sa Toledo, Ohio. Kan siya 2-anyos palang, binayaan siya kan saiyang ina asin pinadakula siya kan pamilyang nag-ampon saiya sa Detroit, Michigan.[6] Kan siya 12-anyos palang, an magurang na nag-ampon saiya nagadan, an mga tugang niya na an nagpadakula siya.[6] Kan siya 16-anyos, nagpuon na siya magkanta nin mga R&B sa Detroit nightclubs. Pagkatapos kan sarong pagkanta, nadiskubre siya kan sarong lider kan banda na si David Washington, na nagtao saiya nin alas na mag-audition sa bandang funk na Chapter 8.

Si Baker nagsali sa bandang Chapter 8 kan 1975 asin ang grupo naglibot hanggang sa makakua sinda ning siguradong ugnayan sa Ariola Records kan 1979. Ang inot na album kan grupo, iyo an Chapter 8, na iniluwas sa parehong taon na may mga single na "Ready for Your Love," duet sa pagitan ni Baker asin kairiba niya sa banda na si Gerald Lyles, asin an Baker-led "I Just Want to Be Your Girl."[7] Pagkatapos mabakal an Ariola kan Arista Records kan 1979, Ang Chapter 8 hinali kan ngaran dahil sa pagtubod na si Baker, bilang lider kan grupo, mayo daa nin "star potential."[8] Si Baker nagbalik sa Detroit, asin nagtrabaho bilang tagaserbe sa kakanan asin tagaatubang sa mga hotel hanggang sa kan 1982, si Otis Smith, dating associate kan Ariola, kinumbinse si Baker na magpuon nin karerabilang soloista sa irarom kan bagong ngaran na Beverly Glen label.

Karera sa musika[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Iniluwas ni Baker an saiyang solo album na The Songstress, kan 1983.[1] An album na ini igwang apat na single, iyo an: "No More Tears" asin its B-side, "Will You Be Mine", "Angel" asin "You're the Best Thing Yet". Ang "Angel" naging inot na top-ten single ni Baker, nag-aabot ini sa ikalima sa mga R&B charts sa mga huring bulan kan 1983. "You're the Best Thing Yet" nagsunod sa R&B top 40 sunod na taon. Dawa sa arog kaning kaamay na pagsikat, nagreklamo si Baker na mayo siyang nareresibeng royalty sa saiyang mga gibo. Dagdag pa igdi, ang label pinapahaloy an mga gibo sa follow-up ni Baker na The Songstress. Kan 1984, matapos an duwang taon, si Baker naghali na sa label asin kinasuhan si Smith, sa pagbalgar kan kontrata kani, kan 1985. Makalihis an pirang bulan na debate sa korte, ginana ni Baker an kaso kontra kay Smith, asin napagkasunduan na pwede nang mag-rekord sa ibang label si Baker. Nagpirma si Baker sa Warner Music Group - kairiba kan label na Elektra Records kan 1985, asin nagpuon na magtrabaho sa sunod niyang album. An saiyang Elektra contract tinugutan an parakanta na magkaigwa in kontrol sa paggibo kan saiyang kanta, sarong bagay na dai itinugot saiya kan siya nasa Beverly Glen. Isinali ni Baker an dati niyang ka-banda sa Chapter 8 na saro man na parasurat kanta asin prodyuser na si Michael J. Powell sa saiyang inot na Elektra album.

Personal na buhay[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Inagom ni Baker si Walter Bridgeforth, Jr. kan Disyembre 24, 1988. An duwa nagkasuwayan kan 2005 asin pormal na natapos an divorce duwang taon makalipas.[9] Igwa sindang duwang aking lalaki,sina Walter Baker Bridgeforth (namundag kan Enero 1993) asin Edward Carlton Bridgeforth (namundag kan Mayo 1994).[10] Si Baker ngunyan nakaistar sa California.[11] An saiyang aki na si Walter naglalaog sa Berklee College of Music sa Boston, bilang sarong drum principal, nagkukua ini nin Music Production & Engineering.

Makalipas an sobra pa sa limang taon kan saiyang pagsuway sa agom, si Baker pormal na nag-file kan pagribay kan saiayng apelyido na Bridgeforth para maging Baker sa saiyang pribadong buhay. Dahil sa paggamit niya kan ngaran na Anita Baker sa saiyang propesyon, an pagribay kan saiyang apelyido dae man nakaapekto sa saiyang karera sa musika.[12]

Mga gawad asin onra[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Kan 2013, si Anita Baker naisali na sa Michigan Rock and Roll Legends Hall of Fame.[13]

BET Awards[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Ang BET Awards itinindog kab 2001 kan Black Entertainment Television para iselebrar an mga African Americans sa musika, pag-arte, karawat, asin iba pang parte kan entertainment kan nakaaging mga taon. Ang Gawad itinatao taon-taon sain ipinapadalan nin live sa BET.[14]

Taon Nominado / gibo Gawad Resulta
2018 Anita Baker Lifetime Achievement Award Gana

Gawad kan Grammy[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

An Grammy Awards iginagawad taon-taon kan National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Si Baker nakaresibe nin 18 nominasyon.

Taon Nominado / gibo Gawad Resulta
1987 Rapture Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female Gana
"Sweet Love" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Gana
1988 "Ain't No Need to Worry" (with The Winans) Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo, Group, Choir or Chorus Gana
1989 "Giving You the Best That I Got" Record of the Year Nominado
Song of the Year Nominado
Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female Gana
Best Rhythm & Blues Song Gana
1990 Giving You the Best That I Got Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female Gana
1991 Compositions Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female Gana
Compositions Best Album Package Nominado
1995 "Body and Soul" Best Female R&B Vocal Performance Nominado
Rhythm of Love Best R&B Album Nominado
1996 "When You Love Someone" (with James Ingram) Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominado
"I Apologize" Best Female R&B Vocal Performance Gana
2005 "You're My Everything" Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance Nominado
My Everything Best R&B Album Nominado
2007 "Christmas Time Is Here" Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance Nominado
2013 "Lately" Best Traditional R&B Performance Nominado

American Music Awards[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

An American Music Awards sarong taunang gawad na ginibo ni Dick Clark in 1973. Si Baker nakaresibe nin siyam (9) na nominasyon.

Taon Nominado / gibo Gawad Resulta
1987 Anita Baker Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist Nominado
Rapture Favorite Soul/R&B Album Nominado
1988 Anita Baker Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist Gana
Rapture Favorite Soul/R&B Album Gana
1990 Anita Baker Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist Nominado
Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist Gana
"Just Because" Favorite Soul/R&B Single Nominado
1995 Anita Baker Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist Gana
1996 Anita Baker Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist Nominado

Soul Train Music Awards[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

An Soul Train Music Awards taonang gawad na ipinapahiling sa media nin live an mga onra kan matitibay na Afrikanong-Amerikano sa larangan kan musika asin entertainment, itinindog kan 1987.

Taon Nominado / gibo Gawad Resulta
1987 "Sweet Love" Best Single, Female Gana
Best Music Video Nominado
Rapture Album of the Year, Female Nominado
1989 "Giving You the Best That I Got" Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Song of the Year Gana
Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Single, Female Gana
Giving You the Best That I Got Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Album of the Year, Female Gana
1991 "Talk to Me" Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Single, Female Nominado
Compositions Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Album of the Year, Female Nominado
1995 "Body and Soul" Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music Video Nominado
Best R&B/Soul Single, Female Gana
Rhythm of Love R&B/Soul Album of the Year, Female Gana
2010 Anita Baker Legend Award, Female Gana

Iba pang onra[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Taon Kategory Organisasyon Resulta
1994 Hollywood Walk of Fame Star at 7021 Hollywood Blvd.
2005 International Artist of the Year Canadian Smooth Jazz Award[15] Gana

Discograpiya[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • 1983: The Songstress
  • 1986: Rapture
  • 1988: Giving You the Best That I Got
  • 1990: Compositions
  • 1994: Rhythm of Love
  • 2004: My Everything
  • 2005: Christmas Fantasy

Mga paglibot[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • The Rapture Tour (1986/87)
  • Giving You the Best World Tour (1988/89)
  • Compositions World Tour (1990/91)
  • Rhythm of Love World Tour (1994/95)
  • Anita Live! (2002/04)
  • An Evening with Anita Baker (2007/09)
  • Anita Baker Farewell Tour (2018)

Toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Huey, Steve. "Anita Baker". https://www.allmusic.com/artist/anita-baker-mn0000572579/biography. Retrieved on 1 July 2018. 
  2. Hutchings, David. "Ex-Receptionist Anita Baker's Lp Gets a Rapture-Ous Reception—at Last". http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20095085,00.html. Retrieved on 2014-06-27. 
  3. Holden, Stephen. "The Pop Life – Anita Baker And Her Musical Roots". https://www.nytimes.com/1986/09/03/arts/the-pop-life-anita-baker-and-her-musical-roots.html. Retrieved on 2014-06-27. 
  4. "Anita Baker Has No Regrets". http://www.essence.com/2004/09/16/anita-baker-has-no-regrets/. Retrieved on 2014-06-27. 
  5. "The Anita Baker Pages". http://oreoluwa.com/AnitaBaker/archive/ebony1991.html. Retrieved on 2014-06-27. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Smith 1996, p. 19.
  7. David Nathan (1999). The Soulful Divas: Personal Portraits of Over a Dozen Divine Divas. Billboard Books. p. 348. 
  8. Smith 1996, p. 20.
  9. Mark Jordan. "Baker says she is finalizing her divorce". Commercialappeal.com. http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2007/Oct/26/baker-back-with-sound-that-still-captivates. Retrieved on 2013-12-26. 
  10. Steve Dougherty (October 10, 1994). "Starting to Recapture the Rapture". People. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20104096,00.html. 
  11. "Grosse Pointe police: Peeper at Anita Baker's window was mistaken". February 1, 2012. http://www.clickondetroit.com/news/Grosse-Pointe-police-Peeper-at-Anita-Baker-s-window-was-mistaken/-/1719418/8580760/-/10a3xqyz/-/index.html. Retrieved on February 20, 2012. 
  12. EUPublisher (December 20, 2015). "Anita Baker Files Legal Docs to Drop Ex-Husband's Name". Lee Bailey's EurWeb. http://www.eurweb.com/2015/12/anita-baker-files-legal-docs-to-drop-ex-husbands-name/. 
  13. https://www.michiganrockandrolllegends.com/mrrl-hall-of-fame/218-anita-baker
  14. Payne, Chris (24 June 2018). "Marsha Ambrosius Salutes Anita Baker, Delivers Poignant 'Caught Up In the Rapture' BET Awards Cover". https://www.billboard.com/articles/columns/hip-hop/8462452/marsha-ambrosius-caught-up-in-the-rapture-anita-baker-bet-awards. Retrieved on 1 July 2018. 
  15. [1] Archived December 4, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.


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