Anna Akhmatova

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Anna Akhmatova
Akhmatova in 1922 (Portrait by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin)
Akhmatova in 1922 (portrait by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin)
MinundaganAnna Andreevna Gorenko
Plantilya:OldStyleDate
Odessa, Russian Empire (now Odesa, Ukraine)
Kagadanan5 Marso 1966(1966-03-05) (edad 76)
Moscow, Soviet Union (now Moscow, Russia)
KasibotanPoet, translator, memoirist
NasyunalidadRussian/Soviet
Hirong pagsuratAcmeism
AgomNikolay Gumilev (1910-1918; divorced)
Vladimir Shilejko (1918-1926; divorced)
KailusyonNikolai Punin (died in labour camp)
Mga akìLev Gumilev

Si Anna Andreyevna Gorenko[Notes 1] ( Hunyo 23  [O.S. Hunyo 11] 1889 – 5 Marso 1966), midbid sa alyas na Anna Akhmatova (/ɑːkˈmɑːtɔːvə/;[1] Russian: Анна Ахматова, IPA: [ɐxˈmatəvə]), saro sa mga importanteng paratula sa Russia kan ika-20 na siglo. Siya nakabali sa shortlist nin Nobel Prize kan 1965[2] asin nakaresibe nin ikaduwang nominasyon (tolo) para sa Gawad sa sunod na taon.[3]


Si Anna Akhmatova kaiba an saiyang agom na si Nikolay Gumilev asin an saindang aki, Lev, 1915
Anna Akhmatova kan 1914
Retrato ni Anna Akhmatova ni Olga Della-Vos-Kardovskaya, 1914
Lubungan ni Anna Akhmatova, Komarovo, Saint Petersburg
Tula ni Akhmatova sa pader nin Leiden

Mga Onra[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • 1964 Etna-Taormina prize[4]
  • 1965 honorary doctorate from Oxford University in 1965.[4]

Mga Piling Koleksyon nin Tula[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Tigpublikar ni Akhmatova[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • 1912 Vecher/Вечер (Evening) .[Notes 2][5]
  • 1914 Chetki (Rosary or literally Beads)[Notes 3]
  • 1917 Belaya Staya (White flock)[Notes 4]
  • 1921 Podorozhnik (Wayside grass/Plantain). 60 pages, 1000 copies published.[Notes 5]
  • 1921 Anno Domini MCMXXI[Notes 6]
  • Reed – 2 Volume Selected Poems (1924–1926) was compiled but never published.
  • Uneven – compiled but never published.
  • 1940 From Six Books (Publication suspended shortly after release, copies pulped).[Notes 7]
  • 1943 Izbrannoe Stikhi (Selections of poetry) Tashkent, government edited.[Notes 8]
  • Iva not separately published[Notes 9]
  • Sed'maya kniga (Seventh book) – not separately published;[Notes 9]
  • 1958 Stikhotvoreniya (Poems) (25,000 copies)[6]
  • 1961 Stikhotvoreniya 1909–1960 (Poems: 1909–1960)[6]
  • 1965 Beg vremeni (The flight of time Collected works 1909–1965)[6][Notes 9]

Mga Huring Edisyon[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • 1967 Poems of Akhmatova. Ed. and Trans. Stanley Kunitz, Boston
  • 1976 Anna Akhmatova Selected Poems. D.M. Thomas Penguin Books
  • 1985 Twenty Poems of Anna Akhmatova (trans Jane Kenyon); Eighties Press and Ally Press; ISBN 0-915408-30-9
  • 1988 Selected Poems Trans. Richard McKane; Bloodaxe Books Ltd; ISBN 1-85224-063-6
  • 2000 The Complete Poems of Anna Akhmatova (trans. Judith Hemschemeyer; ed. Roberta Reeder); Zephyr Press; ISBN 0-939010-27-5
  • 2004 The Word That Causes Death's Defeat: Poems of Memory (Annals of Communism) (trans. Nancy Anderson). Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10377-8
  • 2006 Selected Poems (trans D. M. Thomas); Penguin Classics; ISBN 0-14-042464-4
  • 2009 Selected Poems (trans. Walter Arndt); Overlook TP; ISBN 0-88233-180-9

Mga Nota[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. Plantilya:Lang-rus; Plantilya:Lang-uk, Anna Andriyivna Horenko
  2. 1912: Vecher (Evening) 46 poems, 92 pages. 300 copies. Published by the Poets Guild. See Martin (2007) p. 4.
  3. 1914: Chetki (Rosary or literally Beads) 52 poems, 120 pages, published by Hyperborea. See Martin (2007) p. 4 and Wells (1996) p. 6
  4. 1917: Belaya Staya (White flock) 2000 copies, 142 pages, published by Hyperborea. See Martin (2007) p.5
  5. 1921 Podorozhnik (Wayside grass/Plantain). 60 pages, 1000 copies published. Half the poems are about to or about her husband Shileiko. See Martin (2007) p. 6
  6. Anno Domini MCMXXI 102 pages, 2000 copies published. Her last volume of new work. See Martin (2007) p.6
  7. 1940 From Six Books 327 pages. 10,000 copies intended but publication was suspended shortly after release and copies pulped and remaining issues banned. See Martin (2007) p.9
  8. 1943 Izbrannoe Stikhi (“Selections of poetry”) Tashkent, government issued and edited. 114 pages, 10,000 copies. See Martin (2007) p.10
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 1965 Beg vremeni (The flight of time) – (Collected works 1909–1965) 50,000 copies, 471-pages. The collection draws from seven of her books including the unpublished volumes Iva and Sed’maya kniga (Seventh book) See Martin (2007) pp. 12-13
  1. "Akhmatova". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  2. "Candidates for the 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature". Nobel Media AB 2014. 4 January 2016. https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/literature/1965.html. Retrieved on 14 November 2017. 
  3. "Candidates for the 1966 Nobel Prize in Literature". Nobel Media AB 2014. 4 January 2017. https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/literature/1966.html. Retrieved on 14 November 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Victoria, R. Arana (2008). The Facts on File Companion to World Poetry. Infobase Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 0816064571. 
  5. Original Akhmatova poems in Russian at niv.ru Archived November 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Wells (1996) p.21