Aphra Behn

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Aphra Behn
Aphra Behn by Peter Lely ca. 1670.jpg
Portrait of Aphra Behn by Sir Peter Lely
KamundaganCanterbury, Kingdom of England
Bunyag14 December 1640
Kagadanan16 April 1689 (aged 48)
London, Kingdom of England
Lulubngan
Westminster Abbey
NasyunalidadEnglish
Trabahonovelist, dramatist, poet

Si Aphra Behn (/ˈæfrə bɛn/;[lower-alpha 1] Disyembre 14,1640? (petsa kan pagbunyag)[1] – Abril 16,1689) sarong parasurat nin dula, makata, taga dakit-taramon asin parasurat nin piksyon puon kan Restoration era. Bilang saro sa mga babaying Ingles na nakakapagtrabaho na sarong parasurat, tinanggal niya an mga hadlang sa kultura asin nagsirbing modelo para sa sunod na henerasyon kan mga babaying parasurat. Hale sa pagiging kakaiba, narisa siya ni Charles II, na kinua siya bilang espiya sa Antwerp. Kan pagbalik niya sa London asin pag istar sa kulungan nin parautang, nagpuon siya magsurat siya sa teatro. Siya kasbali sa grupo nin mga paratula asin sikat na libertines arog ni John Wilmot, Lord Rochester. Siya nagsurat sa alyas na Astrea. Kan dae mapupugol na oras nin politikal kan Exclusion Crisis, sinurat niya an epilogo asin enot na tataramon na nagdara saiya sa legal na kapahamakan; ginugol niya an pagsurat sa mga dyanra nin mga prosa asin mga dakit taramon. Sarong pusog na taga suporta kan linya ni Stuart, sinayumahan niya an imbitasyon hale sa Bishop Burnet para magsurat nin tulang pagsalubong sa bagong hade na si William III. Nagadan siya pakatapos lang kaidto.[2]

Siya nagurumduman sa Virginia Woolf's A Room of One's Own: "All women together ought to let flowers fall upon the tomb of Aphra Behn which is, most scandalously but rather appropriately, in Westminster Abbey, for it was she who earned them the right to speak their minds."[3] An saiyang lubungan dae kasali sa Poets' Corner pero yaon sa East Cloister harani sa hagdanan kan simbahan.[4]

Titulong pahina kan enot na edisyon nin Oroonoko (1688)
Guhit ki Aphra Behn ni George Scharf hale sa ladawan na tinutubuda na nawara (1873)
Ladawan na gibo ni Mary Beale

Mga Gibo[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Teatro[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • The Forc'd Marriage (1670)
  • The Amorous Prince (1671)
  • The Dutch Lover (1673)
  • Abdelazer (1676)
  • The Town Fop (1676)
  • The Rover, Part 1 (1677) and Part 2 (1681)
  • Sir Patient Fancy (1678)
  • The Feigned Courtesans (1679)
  • The Young King (1679)
  • The False Count (1681)
  • The Roundheads (1681)
  • The City Heiress (1682)
  • Like Father, Like Son (1682)
  • Prologue and Epilogue to Romulus and Hersilia, or The Sabine War (November 1682)
  • The Luckey Chance, or an Alderman's Bargain (1686) with composer John Blow
  • The Emperor of the Moon (1687)

Posthuma na tinanghal

  • The Widow Ranter (1689)[5]
  • The Younger Brother (1696)

Mga Nobela[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • The Fair Jilt
  • Agnes de Castro
  • Love-Letters Between a Nobleman and His Sister, in three parts (1682-1687)
  • Oroonoko (1688)

Halipot na Osipon/Novellas[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • The Fair Jilt (1688)
  • The History of the Nun: or, the Fair Vow-Breaker (1688)
  • The History of The Servant (disputed[6])

Koleksiyon nin mga tula[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Poems upon Several Occasions, with A Voyage to the Island of Love (1684) [7]
  • Lycidus; or, The Lover in Fashion (1688)[7]

Mga istorya asin mga sinurat base sa saiyang buhay[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Maureen Duffy (1977). The Passionate Shepherdess.<span class="cx-segment" data-segmentid="408">.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}</span> The first wholly scholarly new biography of Behn; the first to identify Behn's birth name.
  • Goreau, Angeline (1980). Reconstructing Aphra: a social biography of Aphra Behn. New York: Dial Press. ISBN 0-8037-7478-8.
  • Goreau, Angeline (1983). "Aphra Behn: A scandal to modesty (c. 1640-1689)". In Spender, Dale. Feminist theorists: Three centuries of key women thinkers. Pantheon. pp. 8–27. ISBN 0-394-53438-7.
  • Derek Hughes (2001). The Theatre of Aphra Behn. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-76030-1.
  • Janet Todd (1997). The Secret Life of Aphra Behn. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-2455-5. Most recent and comprehensively researched biography of Behn, with new material on her life as a spy.
  • Vita Sackville-West (1927). Aphra Behn - The Incomparable Astrea. Gerald Howe. A view of Behn more sympathetic and laudatory than Woolf's.
  • Virginia Woolf (1929). A Room of One's Own. Only one section deals with Behn, but it served as a starting point for the feminist rediscovery of Behn's role.
  • Huntting, Nancy. "What Is Triumph in Love? with a consideration of Aphra Behn". http://www.aestheticrealism.net/aesnyc141/Aphra_Behn_NH.htm. 
  • Germaine Greer (1995). Slip-Shod Sibyls. Two chapters deal with Aphra Behn with emphasis on her character as a poet
  • Heidi Hutner (1993). Rereading Aphra Behn: History, Theory, and Criticism. University of Virginia Press. ISBN 9780813914435.
  • Janet Todd, Aphra Behn: A Secret Life. ISBN 978-1-909572-06-5, 2017 Fentum Press, revised edition

Mga toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. "Aphra Behn (1640 - 1689)". http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/behn_aphra.shtml. Retrieved on 19 April 2017. 
  2. Janet Todd, "Behn, Aphra (1640?–1689)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
  3. Woolf, Virginia (1929). A Room of One's Own. New York: Harcourt Brace. p. 69. OCLC 326933. 
  4. "Westminster Abbey". http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history/famous-people?collection=wma-people&query=behn. 
  5. Behn, Aphra (1690). "The Widow Ranter". http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/etas/45/. 
  6. Greer, Germaine (1996). "Honest Sam. Briscoe". In Myers, Robin; Harris, Michael. A Genius for Letters: Booksellers and Bookselling from the 16th to the 20th Century. Oak Knoll Press. pp. 33–47. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Aphra Behn". http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/58760/Aphra-Behn. Retrieved on 30 October 2015. 


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