Jump to content

Christopher Columbus

Gikan sa Bikol Sentral na Wikipedia, an talingkas na ensiklopedya
Almirante kan Dagat Kadagatan
Christopher Columbus
Posthumous portrait by Sebastiano del Piombo, 1519[1]
1st Governor of the Indies
Appointed by Isabella I of Castile
Sinundan ni Francisco de Bobadilla
Personal na mga detalye
Kamundagan between 25 August and 31 October 1451
Genoa, Republic of Genoa
Kagadanan (1506-05-20)20 Mayo 1506 (aged 54)
Valladolid, Castile
Lulubngan Seville Cathedral, Seville, Spain
Kasaroan Beatriz Enríquez de Arana
Mga aki
Trabaho Maritime explorer

Si Christopher Columbus iyo an sarong Italyanong eksplorador asin nabigador na gikan sa Republika kan Genoa na nagkompleto kan apat na basado sa Espanya na mga voyages sa palibot kan Kadagatan Atlantiko na inisponsor kan Katolikong Monarka, nagbukas kan dalan para sa paglakop kan Europeo na eksplorasyon asin Europeong kolonisasyon kan Amerika. An saiyang ekspedisyon iyo an midbid na enot kontak kan mga Europeo sa Karibe asin Sentral asin Habagatan na Amerika.

An ngaran na Christopher Columbus iyo an anglisasyon kan Latin na Christophorus Columbus. Nagdakula sa subangan na baybayon kan Liguria, siya nagpasiring sa dagat sa amay na edad asin nagbyahe nin mahiwas, kasing-rayo kan amihanan kan British Isles asin kasing-rayo kan habagatan kan pig-aapod sa ngunyan na Ghana. Pinakasalan niya an sarong Portugesang maharlika na si Filipa Moniz Perestrelo, na nangaki nin aking lalaki na si Diego, asin nakabase sa Lisbon sa laog nin nagkapirang mga taon. Sa huri kinua niya an sarong sambay na Kastila na si Beatriz Enríquez de Arana, na nangaki nin aking lalaki, na si Ferdinand.[2][3][4]

  1. Lester, Paul M. (January 1993). "Looks are deceiving: The portraits of Christopher Columbus". Visual Anthropology 5 (3–4): 211–227. doi:10.1080/08949468.1993.9966590. 
  2. Fernández-Armesto, Felipe (2010). Columbus on Himself. Hackett Publishing. p. 270. ISBN 978-1-60384-317-1. The date of Fernando's birth, November 1488, gives a terminus ante quem early in that year for the start of Columbus's liaison with Beatriz Enríquez. She was of peasant parentage, but, when Columbus met her, was the ward of a well-to-do relative in Cordoba. A meat business gave her income of her own, mentioned in the only other record of Columbus's solicitude for her: a letter to Diego, written in 1502, just before departure on the fourth Atlantic crossing, in which the explorer enjoins his son to 'take Beatriz Enriquez in your care for love of me, as you your own mother'. Varela, Cristóbal Colón, p. 309. 
  3. Taviani, Paolo Emilio (2016). "Beatriz de Arana". In Bedini, Silvio A. The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia. Springer. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-349-12573-9. Columbus never married Beatriz. When he returned from the first voyage, he was given the greatest of honors and elevated to the highest position in Spain. Because of his discovery, he became one of the most illustrious persons at the Spanish court and had to submit, like all the great persons of the time, to customary legal restrictions on matters of marriage and extramarital relations. The Alphonsine laws forbade extramarital relations of concubinage for "illustrious people" (king, princes, dukes, counts, marquis) with plebeian women, if they themselves were or their forefathers had been of inferior social condition. 
  4. Phillips & Phillips 1992, p. 126.