Georgia (nasyon)

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Georgya Tagboan: 42°00′N 43°30′E / 42.000°N 43.500°E / 42.000; 43.500

Georgia
საქართველო (Georgian)
Sakartvelo
Bandera kan Georgia
Bandera
Coat of arms of Georgia
Coat of arms
Motto: 
ძალა ერთობაშია
Dzala Ertobashia
(English: "Strength is in Unity")
Kanta: 
თავისუფლება
Tavisupleba
(English: "Freedom")
Mga lugar sa irarom kan Georgian ipinapahiling sa kulay na dark green; asin an mga lugar na mayo sa kontrol kaini sa kulay na light green
Mga lugar sa irarom kan Georgian ipinapahiling sa kulay na dark green; asin an mga lugar na mayo sa kontrol kaini sa kulay na light green
Lokasyon kan Georgia
Kapitolyo
and Pinakadakulang Syudad
Tbilisi
41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
Opisyal na  mga tataramonGeorgian (nationwide)
Abkhazian (Abkhazian AR)[1][2]
Mga etnikong grupo (2014[a])86.8% Georgians
  6.2% Azerbaijanis
  4.5% Armenians
  2.8% other
RelihiyonGeorgian Orthodox Church
DemonymGeorgian
GobiernoUnitary parliamentary Republikang Konstitusyonal
Salome Zurabishvili
Irakli Kobakhidze
Mamuka Bakhtadze[3]
LehistraturaAn Parliament
An historya kan pagbuo
• Colchis and Iberia
13th c. BC–580 AD
786–1008
1008
1463–1810

12 September 1801

26 May 1918
25 February 1921
• Independence from Plantilya:NowrapAn Soviet Union
Declared
Finalized


9 April 1991
25 December 1991
24 August 1995
Area
• Total
69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) (119th)
Populasyon
• 2018 tantya
3,729,600[a][4] (131st)
• 2014 Sensus
3,713,804[a][5]
• Densidad
53.5/km2 (138.6/sq mi) (137th)
GDP (PPP)2018 tantya
• Kabuuhan
$43.037 billion[6] (116th)
• Per capita
$11,600[6] (105th)
GDP (nominal)2018 tantya
• Kabuuhan
$16.716 billion[6] (121st)
• Per capita
$4,505[6] (108th)
Gini (2016)Plantilya:IncreaseNegative 36.5[7]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.780[8]
high · 70th
CurrencyGeorgian lari (₾) (GEL)
Sona nin OrasGET (UTC+4)
Nagmamaneho saright
Kodang pan-apod+995
ISO 3166 codeGE
Internet TLD.ge .გე
Websityo
www.gov.ge
  1. ^  Data not including occupied territories.

Georgia sarong nasyon sa rehiyon kan Caucasus sa Eurasia. Mahihiling sa katahawi kan Western Asia asin Eastern Europe, yaun sa sulnupan na nababarahan kan Black Sea, sa norte kan Russia, sa sur kan Turkey asin Armenia, asin sa timog-sirangan kan Azerbaijan. An kapitolyo asin pinakadakulang syudad iyo an Tbilisi. An Georgia igwa nin teritoryo na maabot sa 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), asin kan 2017, an populasyon kaini nag-abot na sa 3.718 milyon. An Georgia sarong unitary semi-presidential na republika,an mga opisyal kan gobyerno inielehir base sa pandemokrasyang pagrerepresenta.[10]

Toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. "Article 8", Constitution of Georgia . In Abkhazian AR, also Abkhazian.
  2. "Constitution of Georgia". http://parliament.ge/uploads/other/28/28803.pdf. 
  3. "საქართველოს პარლამენტმა მთავრობას ნდობა გამოუცხადა [ფოტო/ვიდეო - 1TV"]. https://1tv.ge/news/saqartvelos-parlamentma-mtavrobas-ndoba-gamouckhada/. 
  4. "Population". http://www.geostat.ge/index.php?action=page&p_id=473&lang=eng. Retrieved on 1 January 2019. 
  5. "2014 General Population Census Main Results General Information — National Statistics Office of Georgia". http://census.ge/files/results/Census_release_ENG.pdf. Retrieved on 2 May 2016. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018". International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=35&pr.y=14&sy=2016&ey=2020&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=915&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. 
  7. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=GE. 
  8. "Human Development Indicators". United Nations Development Programme. 2018. http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/GEO. Retrieved on 18 September 2018. 
  9. Sambiton an kasalaan: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na geostat.ge
  10. Nakashidze, Malkhaz (2016). "Semi-presidentialism in Georgia". In Elgie, Robert; Moestrup, Sophia. Semi-Presidentialism in the Caucasus and Central Asia. London: Palgrave Macmillan (published 15 May 2016). pp. 119–142. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-38781-3_5. ISBN 978-1-137-38780-6. LCCN 2016939393. OCLC 6039793171. Nakashidze discusses the adoption and evolution of semi-presidentialism in Georgia since the Rose Revolution in 2004. From 2004 to 2012, political power was concentrated in the hands of the president, under a president-parliamentary variant of semi-presidentialism. Only during the period of cohabitation from 2012 to 2013 was the president's authority challenged. In 2010, the Constitution was amended with effect from 2013, reducing the power of the president considerably, arguably in an attempt by term-limited President Saakashvili to secure a political comeback as a powerful prime minister. Under the new premier-presidential Constitution, powers have been much more evenly distributed with each branch of government exercising its Constitutional powers.