Malta

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Republic of Malta
Repubblika ta' Malta  (tataramon?)
Bandera kan Malta
Bandera
Coat of arms of Malta
Coat of arms
Motto: Virtute et constantia
"With strength and consistency"
Kanta: L-Innu Malti
The Maltese Hymn
Lokasyon kan Malta (green circle) – in Europe (light green & dark grey) – in the European Union (light green)  –  [Legend]
Lokasyon kan Malta (green circle)

– in Europe (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (light green)  –  [Legend]

KapitolyoValletta
35°54′N 14°31′E / 35.900°N 14.517°E / 35.900; 14.517Tagboan: 35°54′N 14°31′E / 35.900°N 14.517°E / 35.900; 14.517
Opisyal na  mga tataramonMaltese[[#endnote_d{{{3}}}|[d]]]; English
Other languageItalian (66% conversational)[1]
Mga etnikong grupo (2021[2])
  • 80.0% Maltese
  • 20.0% Non-Maltese[[#endnote_b{{{3}}}|[b]]]
Relihiyon (2019)
DemonymMaltese
GobyernoUnitary parliamentary republic
George Vella
Robert Abela
LehistraturaParliament of Malta
Independence from the United Kingdom
21 September 1964
• Republic
13 December 1974
Area
• Total
316[3] km2 (122 sq mi) (186th)
• Tubig (%)
0.001
Populasyon
• 2021 tantya
516,100[4] (173rd)
• 2011 Sensus
417,432[5]
• Densidad
1,633/km2 (4,229.5/sq mi) (4th)
GDP (PPP)2019 tantya
• Kabuuhan
$22.802  billion[6]
• Per capita
$48,246[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 tantya
• Kabuuhan
$15.134 billion[6]
• Per capita
$32,021[6]
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 28.0[7]
low · 15th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.895[8]
very high · 28th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Sona nin OrasCentral European Time (UTC+1)
• Tig-init (DST)
Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
Porma nin petsadd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Nagmamaneho saleft
Kodang pan-apod+356
Pinapatron na santosPaul the Apostle, Saint Publius, and Agatha of Sicily[9]
ISO 3166 codeMT
Internet TLD.mt[[#endnote_c{{{3}}}|[c]]]
  1. ^  Languages other than the mother tongue of Maltese[1]
  2. ^  Maltese nationals as referred to in the 2011 census[5]
  3. ^  Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states
  4. ^  Also Maltese Sign Language[10]

An Malta (/ˈmɔːltə/), opisyalmente Republika kan Malta (Maltes: Repubblika ta' Malta), sarong Europeong Habagatnon na nasyon na binibilog nin sarong arkipelago namomogtak sa tahaw kan Dagat Mediterraneo, 93 km an rayo sa habagatan kan Sicily, 288 km an rayo sa bandang subangan kan Tunisya, 1,826 man an distansya sa bandang solnopan kan Itiot kan Gibraltar asin 1,510 km an rayo sa solnopan kan Alexandria.[12]

An Malta may hiwas na sobra sa 300 km² asin kunsiring ini na an pinakasadit alagad pinakadusok sa populasyon sa bilog na kinaban.[13] An kabesera niya iyo an Valleta, asin an pinakadakulang banwaan iyo an Birkirkara. An mayor na isla binibilog nin dakul na saradit na mga banwaan na, kun bibiriyoon, iyo na an inapod nindang Dakulang Urbanisadong Sona (Larger Urban Zone, LUZ) na may populasyon na 368,250 katawo. An bilang na ini nagkukumponer na kan mayoriya kan populasyon kan bilog na nasyon (susog sa, Eurostat). An nasyon na ini may duwang opisyal na tataramon, an Maltes asin an Ingles; alagad an enot iyo an konsideradong lenggwahe nasyunal.

An agi-agi kan Malta determinadong marhay kan saiyang kinamomogtakan ta yaon siya sa tangang gayo kan mga iba-ibang impluensya pulitika. Mala ta manlaen-laen na mga poder militar an nagsakop saiya sa lawig nin panahon: an Fenicio, Greyigo, Romano, Fatimi, Siciliano, Caballero ni San Juan, an Pranses asin mga Briton. Nakalungkas lang an Malta asin nakamit an katalingkasan kan binutasan na kan Reyno Unido kan 1964, dangan nagin republika kan 1974 manta na retenido niya an pag'apil niya sa Kumonwelt nin mga Nasyon. An Malta kaapil man sa Mga Nasyon Unido (poon pa kan 1964), miyembro man kan Unido Europeo(poon pa kan 2004). An Malta man rapot sa Kasundoan Schengen 2007)[14] asin myembro man sa "eurozone" (2008).

An Malta may halawig na impluensyang Kristiyano mala ta sa Gibo nin mga Apostoles sa Bibliyang Kristiyano, si San Pablo nasasambit na narugbaan nin sakayan sa "Melite", na iyo an apod kan mga Greyigo sa islang ini, asin siya nagministro igdi. Mala ngane ngonyan an Katolisismo iyo pa an dominanteng relihiyon sa Malta.[15].[16].[17][18]

An mga templong megalitiko
An dibisyon administratibo kan Malta

An Malta bantogan sa lantad nin turismo, asin araram na ini dakul nin mga resort asin mga linga-lingaan, mga monumentong historiko, kabali na diyan an siyam na mga "Heritage Sites" na pinili kan UNESCO. Mala ta an saro kaini asin iyo an pinakaprominente iyo an inapod na Mga Templong Megalitiko. An mga ini sinasabing mga lumaon nang gayong estrukturang nakatindog pa sa lawig nin panahon.[19].[20][21][22]

Mga panluwas na takod[baguhon | baguhon an source]

Toltolan[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Europeans and their Languages". European Commission. Special Eurobarometer. Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2018.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. Muscat, Gavin (18 May 2021). "20% of Malta's residents are foreigners". newsbook.com.mt. Retrieved 16 January 2022. 
  3. Zammit, Andre (1986). "Valletta and the system of human settlements in the Maltese Islands". Ekistics 53 (316/317): 89–95. 
  4. "News Release" (PDF). nso.gov.mt. 9 July 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2022. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Census of Population and Housing 2011: Report" (PDF). National Statistics Office. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 June 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Malta". International Monetary Fund. 
  7. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey". ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. Archived from the original on 20 March 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2020.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020. 
  9. Lesley, Anne Rose (15 April 2009). Frommer's Malta and Gozo Day by Day. John Wiley & Sons. p. 139. ISBN 978-0470746103. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. "Maltese sign language to be recognised as an official language of Malta". The Malta Independent. http://www.independent.com.mt/articles/2016-03-17/local-news/Maltese-sign-language-to-be-recognised-as-an-official-language-of-Malta-6736155052. 
  11. "Special Eurobarometer 493, European Union: European Commission, September 2019, pages 229–230". ec.europa.eu (in English). Retrieved 2020-10-03. 
  12. "Department of Information". Doi.gov.mt. 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  13. "Department of Information". Doi.gov.mt. 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  14. European Commission. "Europe and you in 2007, Passport-free travel extended". Retrieved 21 December 2007. 
  15. (Plantilya:Bibleref; Plantilya:Bibleref)
  16. "Department of Information". Doi.gov.mt. 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  17. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). "Malta". The World Factbook. Retrieved 6 September 2006. 
  18. Catholic hierarchy.org, Adherents.com
  19. "Megalithic Temples of Malta". Retrieved 16 September 2008. 
  20. "Megalithic Temples of Malta". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  21. "Malta Temples and The OTS Foundation". Otsf.org. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  22. David Trump et al., Malta Before History (2004: Miranda Publishers)