Manihot

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Manihot
Manihot palmata.jpg
Manihot palmata
Klasipikasyong Siyentipiko e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Core eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Pamilya: Euphorbiaceae
Subpamilya: Crotonoideae
Tribo: Manihoteae
Genus: Manihot
Mill. 1754 not Adans. 1763[1]
Type species
Manihot esculenta
Crantz.[2][3]
Mga kapareho[4]

Hotnima A.Chev.
Janipha Kunth
Mandioca Link
Manihotoides D.J.Rogers & Appan[1]

Manihot sarong genus sa pamilyang, Euphorbiaceae. Inapod ining sarong genus kan 1754.[5][3]

An mga espesye kan Manihot mga kahoy, palumpong asin nagkakapirang gamot na natural sa America, hali sa Arizona sa Estados Unidos Timog Argentina asin Uruguay.[4] The best known member of this genus is the widely cultivated cassava (Manihot esculenta).[6]

An mga espesye kan Manihot ginagamit na pagkakan kan larvae o kan ibang espesye kan Lepidoptera kaiba an Endoclita sericeus asin Hypercompe hambletoni.

Species[4]
  1. Manihot acuminatissima Müll.Arg.Goiás, Bahia
  2. Manihot aesculifolia (Kunth) Pohl – Mexico, Central America
  3. Manihot alutacea D.J.Rogers & AppanGoiás
  4. Manihot angustiloba (Torr.) Müll.Arg. – Mexico, Arizona
  5. Manihot anisophylla (Griseb.) Müll.Arg. – N Argentina
  6. Manihot anomala Pohl – South America
  7. Manihot attenuata Müll.Arg. - Goiás
  8. Manihot auriculata McVaughJalisco, Nayarit
  9. Manihot baccata AllemFr Guiana, NE Brazil
  10. Manihot brachyandra Pax & K.Hoffm. – Bahia
  11. Manihot brachyloba Müll.Arg.Central Amer, Dominican Rep, N South America
  12. Manihot brevilobaSergipe
  13. Manihot caerulescens Pohl – Brazil, Paraguay
  14. Manihot carthagenensis (Jacq.) Müll.Arg. – N South America, Trinidad, Curaçao
  15. Manihot catingae UleBahia, Minas Gerais
  16. Manihot caudata Greenm. – N Mexico
  17. Manihot cecropiifoliaGoiás, Distrito Federal
  18. Manihot chlorosticta Standl. & Goldman – Mexico
  19. Manihot compositifolia AllemBahia
  20. Manihot condensata D.J.Rogers & Appan – Bolivia
  21. Manihot corymbiflora Pax & K.Hoffm.Rio de Janeiro
  22. Manihot crassisepala Pax & K.Hoffm.México State, Morelos, Jalisco
  23. Manihot crotalariiformis PohlMinas Gerais
  24. Manihot davisiae CroizatArizona, Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa
  25. Manihot diamantinensis AllemBahia
  26. Manihot dichotoma Ule – NE Brazil
  27. Manihot divergens PohlGoiás, Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais
  28. Manihot epruinosa Pax & K.Hoffm.Piauí, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia
  29. Manihot esculenta Crantz – from Mexico to Brazil
  30. Manihot falcata D.J.Rogers & AppanGoiás, Distrito Federal
  31. Manihot filamentosa Pittier – NW Venezuela
  32. Manihot flemingiana D.J.Rogers & AppanMato Grosso
  33. Manihot foetida (Kunth) Pohl – C + N Mexico
  34. Manihot fortalezensis Nassar, D.G.Ribeiro, Bomfim & P.T.C.GomesCeará
  35. Manihot fruticulosa (Pax) D.J.Rogers & Appan – Brazil
  36. Manihot gabrielensis AllemGoiás
  37. Manihot gracilis Pohl – Paraguay, Brazil
  38. Manihot grahamii Hook. – S Brazil, N Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  39. Manihot guaranitica Chodat & Hassl. – N Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia
  40. Manihot handroana CruzMinas Gerais
  41. Manihot hassleriana – Paraguay
  42. Manihot heptaphylla UleBahia
  43. Manihot hilariana Baill.Minas Gerais
  44. Manihot hunzikeriana Mart.Crov.Rio Grande do Sul, Misiones
  45. Manihot inflata Müll.Arg.São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná
  46. Manihot irwinii D.J.Rogers & AppanGoiás
  47. Manihot jacobinensis Müll.Arg.Mato Grosso, Bahia
  48. Manihot janiphoides Müll.Arg.São Paulo, Minas Gerais
  49. Manihot jolyana CruzSão Paulo
  50. Manihot leptophylla Pax – NW South America
  51. Manihot longepetiolata PohlGoiás, Minas Gerais
  52. Manihot maracasensis UleBahia
  53. Manihot marajoara HuberPará, Amapá
  54. Manihot mcvaughii V.W.Steinm.Michoacán
  55. Manihot membranacea Pax & K.Hoffm.Mato Grosso
  56. Manihot michaelis McVaughColima, Jalisco
  57. Manihot mirabilis Pax – Paraguay
  58. Manihot mossamedensis Taub.Goiás
  59. Manihot nana Müll.Arg.Goiás, Minas Gerais
  60. Manihot neusana NassarParaná
  61. Manihot nogueirae AllemDistrito Federal
  62. Manihot oaxacana D.J.Rogers & AppanOaxaca
  63. Manihot obovata J.Jiménez Ram.Guerrero
  64. Manihot oligantha Pax & K.Hoffm.Goiás
  65. Manihot orbicularis PohlGoiás
  66. Manihot palmata Müll.Arg.Rio de Janeiro
  67. Manihot pauciflora BrandegeePuebla, Oaxaca
  68. Manihot paviifolia PohlGoiás
  69. Manihot peltata PohlGoiás
  70. Manihot pentaphylla Pohl – Brazil, Paraguay
  71. Manihot peruviana Müll.Arg.Loreto, San Martin
  72. Manihot pilosa Pohl – E Brazil
  73. Manihot pohliana Müll.Arg.Bahia
  74. Manihot pohlii WawraEspírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
  75. Manihot populifolia Pax – Paraguay
  76. Manihot pringlei S.WatsonTamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Querétaro
  77. Manihot procumbens Müll.Arg.Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Paraguay
  78. Manihot pruinosa PohlMato Grosso, Goiás
  79. Manihot pseudoglaziovii Pax & K.Hoffm.Ceará, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba
  80. Manihot pulchrifolius M.J. Silva – Brazil
  81. Manihot purpureocostata PohlGoiás
  82. Manihot pusilla PohlGoiás
  83. Manihot quinquefolia PohlBahia
  84. Manihot quinqueloba PohlMato Grosso, Goiás
  85. Manihot quinquepartita Huber ex D.J.Rogers & AppanAmapá, Pará, Maranhão, Mato Grosso
  86. Manihot reniformis PohlBahia
  87. Manihot reptans PaxGoiás, Minas Gerais
  88. Manihot rhomboidea Müll.Arg. – Mexico, Central America
  89. Manihot rubricaulis I.M.Johnst. – Mexico
  90. Manihot sagittatopartita PohlBahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais
  91. Manihot salicifolia PohlMato Grosso, Goiás
  92. Manihot sparsifolia PohlGoiás
  93. Manihot stipularis PaxDistrito Federal, Goiás
  94. Manihot stricta Baill. – Peru, Mato Grosso, Goiás
  95. Manihot subspicata Rogers & AppanCoahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas
  96. Manihot surinamensis D.J.Rogers & Appan – Venezuela, the 3 Guianas
  97. Manihot tenella Müll.Arg.São Paulo, Paraguay
  98. Manihot tomatophylla Standl.Morelos, Jalisco, Michoacán
  99. Manihot tomentosa PohlGoiás, Minas Gerais
  100. Manihot triloba (Sessé) McVaugh ex Miranda – Mexico
  101. Manihot tripartita (Spreng.) Müll.Arg. – Brazil, Paraguay
  102. Manihot triphylla PohlDistrito Federal, Goiás, Minas Gerais
  103. Manihot tristis Müll.Arg. – Venezuela, the 3 Guianas, N Brazil
  104. Manihot variifolia Pax & K.Hoffm.Paraguay
  105. Manihot violacea Pohl – Brazil
  106. Manihot walkerae Croizat – Texas, Tamaulipas
  107. Manihot websteri D.J.Rogers & AppanPuebla, Oaxaca
  108. Manihot weddelliana Baill.Goiás
  109. Manihot xavantinensis D.J.Rogers & AppanMato Grosso
  110. Manihot zehntneri UleBahia
mga klase na tinuturing na espesye
  1. Manihot carthaginensis subsp. glaziovii = Manihot glaziovii (Müll.Arg.) Allem
Dating kaayon[4]

nilipat sa Aleurites Cnidoscolus Jatropha

  1. M. curcasJatropha curcas
  2. M. diversifoliaJatropha diversifolia
  3. M. gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypiifolia
  4. M. herbaceaCnidoscolus urens
  5. M. moluccanaAleurites moluccanus
  6. M. multifidaJatropha multifida
  7. M. spinosissimaCnidoscolus vitifolius
  8. M. urensCnidoscolus urens

Toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Genus: Manihot Mill.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-03-31. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?7234. Retrieved on 2011-05-06. 
  2. lectotype designated by R.A. Howard, Fl. Lesser Antilles 5: 64 (1989)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Tropicos, Manihot Mill.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. Miller, Philip. 1754. Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged...fourth edition vol. 2
  6. Second, G; C. Iglesias (2001). "Chapter 11: The State of the Use of Cassava Genetic Diversity and a Proposal to Enhance it". In H. David Cooper, Charlie Spillane. Broadening the Genetic Base of Crop Production. CABI. pp. 202–203. ISBN 978-0-85199-411-6.