Nellie Bly

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Elizabeth Jane Cochran
Nellie Bly 2.jpg
Elizabeth Cochran, "Nellie Bly," age about 26
KamundaganElizabeth Jane Cochran
(1864-05-05)Mayo 5, 1864
Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania, U.S.
KagadananEnero 27, 1922(1922-01-27) (edad 57)
New York City, New York, U.S.
NasyunalidadAmerican
TrabahoJournalist, novelist, inventor
AgomRobert Seaman (m. 1895–1904, his death)
Mga gawadNational Women's Hall of Fame (1998)
LagdaSignature reads: "Nellie Bly"
Toltolan
After her marriage, Bly used the name "Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman" as seen in the signatures on patents she filed.

Si Elizabeth Cochran Seaman[1] (Mayo 5, 1864[2] – Enero 27, 1922), midbid sa saiyang alyas na Nellie Bly, sarong Amerikanong mamamahayag na bistado sa saiyang pagbyahe sa mundo nin nasa 72 na aldaw, na inarog ki Jules Verne sarong piksyunal na karakter sa Phileas Fogg, asin pagbulgar kan pagtrabaho niya bilang ispiya para ireport an nangyayari sa institusyon kan mental.[3] Siya man an nagpuon sa saiyang larangan, asin nagmukna nin bagong mausisang pamamahayag.[4] Si Bly sarong parasurat, industriyalista, imbentor asin charity worker.

Amay na Pagkabuhay[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Si Nellie Bly nagtatarabaho sa pagibuhan nin mga karton

Kan pinangaki siya pinangaranan na Elizabeth Jane Cochran. Pinangaki siya sa "Cochran's Mills", sa ngunyan parte na kan arabal nin Pittsburgh suburb sa Burrell Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania.[5][6][7] An saiyang ama na si Michael Cochran, pinangaki kan born 1810, nagpuon bilang manggagawa asin paramolino bago magbakal nin lokal na molinohan asin sa mga kataraid na daga kan saindang kubo. Siya naging paratinda, kartero, punong mahistrado sa Cochran's Mills (na pinangaran saiya) SA Pennsylvania. Si Michael nag agom ning duwang beses. Nagkaigwa siya ning10 children sa enot na agom na si Catherine Murphy, asin 5 pang aki kasali na si Elizabeth, sa saiyang ikaduwang agom na si Mary Jane Kennedy.[8] An ama ni Michael Cochran naglipat sa County Londonderry, Ireland kan 1790.

Kan aki pa si Elizabeth siya madalas na inaapod naoften "Pinky" ta ini an kulay na pirmi niyang sinusulot. Kan siya nagdaraga, gusto niya na maging sopistikada, asin hinali an alyas dangan rinibayan na saiyang apelyido na "Cochrane".[9] Siya nagduman sa boarding school ning sarong termino pakagadan kan saiyang ama kan 1870 1871, napwersa siyang magpundo dahilan kan kulang sa pinansyal na suporta. Kan 1880 nilipat siya kan saiyang ina sa Pittsburgh.[10] An sarongcolumn sa diyaryo na may titulo na "What Girls Are Good For" sa Pittsburgh Dispatch na sinasabi na an mga kababaihan para lang sa pag-aki asin sa mga gibuhon sa harong na nagpangyari ki Elizabeth na magsurat kontra duman na may alyas na "Lonely Orphan Girl".[11][10][12] An editor na si George Madden naghanga sa saiyang kusog boot asin nag anunsyo pa na ini magpabisto. Kan pinabisto niya an sadir sa editor, tigtawan siya nin oportunidad na magsurat sa dyaryo gamit an saiyang alyas na "Lonely Orphan Girl".[12] An enot na artikulo niya sa Dispatch, igwang titulo na "The Girl Puzzle", na kun saen pinapaheling kun pano an diborsyo nakakaapekto sa mga kababaihan, pinaglaban niya man na dapat baguhon an ley manungod sa diborsyo[13] Si Madden naghnga giraray asin tig alok siya ning full-time na trabaho.[10] Kan panahon na yan, nakaugalian na kan mga kababaihan an maggamit nin alyas. An editor pinili an "Nellie Bly", sunod sa karakter sa popular na kanta na tmay titulong "Nelly Bly" ni Stephen Foster.[14] An saiyang alyas na orihinal na"Nelly Bly" napalitan kan an saiyang editor napasalang nasurat an "Nellie" asin ini na an ginamit.[15]

Si Bly habang tig eeksamin kan sarong Saykayatrista
Retrato na kinua hale dyatyo kan New York World para ipromote an around-the-world voyage ni Bly

Mga toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. DeMain, Bill. "Ten Days in a Madhouse: The Woman Who Got Herself Committed". mental floss. http://mentalfloss.com/article/29734/ten-days-madhouse-woman-who-got-herself-committed. Retrieved on May 10, 2010. 
  2. Kroeger 1994 reports (p. 529) that although a birth year of 1867 was deduced from the age Bly claimed to be at the height of her popularity, her baptismal record confirms 1864.
  3. "Five Reasons why a Google Doodle Tribute to Nellie Bly is justified". http://news.biharprabha.com/2015/05/five-reasons-why-a-google-doodle-tribute-to-nellie-bly-is-justified/. Retrieved on May 5, 2015. 
  4. "American Experience". PBS. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/world/peopleevents/pande01.html. 
  5. "Nellie Bly" (PDF). Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera. http://www.pittsburghclo.org/files/file/NellieBlyStudentsGuide_v4%5B1%5D.pdf. Retrieved on July 20, 2013. 
  6. "Nellie Bly Historical Marker". WITF-TV. http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-3C0. Retrieved on July 20, 2013. 
  7. "Cochran's Mill Rd over Licks Run". Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA. http://pghbridges.com/glassport/0587-4460/cochransmillrd_lickrun.htm. Retrieved on July 20, 2013. 
  8. Kroeger 1994, p. 3.
  9. Kroeger 1994, p. 25.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Arthur Fritz. "Nellie Bly, (1864–1922)". Nellie Bly Online. http://www.nellieblyonline.com/bio. Retrieved on April 7, 2014. 
  11. "Young and Brave: Girls Changing History". National Woman's History Museum. https://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/youngandbrave/bly.html. Retrieved on April 7, 2014. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 Jone Johnson Lewis. "Nellie Bly". About.com. http://womenshistory.about.com/od/blynellie/p/Nellie-Bly.htm. Retrieved on April 7, 2014. 
  13. Simkin (September 1997). "Nellie Bly". Spartacus Educational. http://spartacus-educational.com/USAWbly.htm. Retrieved on January 24, 2018. 
  14. Adrian Room (July 1, 2010). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins, 5th ed. McFarland. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-7864-5763-2. 
  15. Kroeger 1994, as excerpted at "Brooke Kroeger's Nellie Bly". New York Correction History Society. http://www.correctionhistory.org/rooseveltisland/bly/html/preblackwell.html. Retrieved on January 24, 2018. 

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