Qasem Soleimani

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Sardar
Qasem Soleimani
Qasem Soleimani with Zolfaghar Order.jpg
Si Soleimani sulot opisyal na badong militar na may tadik nin Order of Zolfaghar kan 2019
Katutubong Pangaranقاسم سلیمانی
Mga/Palayaw"Haj Qassem" (حاج قاسم)[1]
"The Shadow Commander" (in the West)[2][3][4][5][6]
Namundag sa(1957-03-11)11 Marso 1957
Qanat-e Malek, Kerman, Imperial State of Iran
Nagadan sa3 Enero 2020(2020-01-03) (edad 62)[7]
harani sa Baghdad International Airport, Baghdad Governorate, Iraq
Sinulo sakamposanto nin Golzar Shohada, Kerman, Iran[8] (30°17′31″N 57°07′44″E / 30.291984°N 57.1289311°E / 30.291984; 57.1289311Tagboan: 30°17′31″N 57°07′44″E / 30.291984°N 57.1289311°E / 30.291984; 57.1289311)
AlyansaIran
Serbisyo/SangayIslamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
Taon kan Serbisyo1979–2020
RanggoMajor general (postumang itinaas sa Lieutenant general)[9]
Tinugon sa41st Tharallah Division of Kerman
Quds Force
Mga labanan/Mga giyera
See wars and battles

Kurdish Rebellion (1979)


Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988)[10]


KDPI insurgency (1989–96)


South Lebanon conflict (1985–2000)


Invasion of Afghanistan[12]Plantilya:Better source


2006 Lebanon War[13][14]


Iraq War


Iran–Israel proxy conflict


Syrian Civil War


Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)


2019–2020 Persian Gulf crisisPlantilya:KIA

Mga OnraOrder of Zolfaghar (1)[19]
Order of Fath (3)[20]
Mga akiMohammadreza Soleimani, Zeinab Soleimani

Si Qasem Soleimani (Persian: قاسم سلیمانی, Plantilya:IPA-fa; 11 Marso 1957 - 3 Enero 2020), na inaapod man sa pangaran na Qassem Suleimani o Qassim Soleimani, sarong Iranian Major General sa Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) asin, poon 1998 sagkod sa saiyang kagadanan kan taon 2020, namayo kan Quds Force nin Iran, sarong dibisyon na mayormente responsable sa mga luwas-teritoryo asin mga hilom na operasyon.

Kaamayi kan buhay[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Si Soleimani namundag kan 11 Marso 1957, sa baryo nin Qanat-e Malek, Kerman Province.[21][22][23][24][note 1] Kan matapos siya pageskwela, siya nagpasiring sa syudad nin Kerman asin nagtrabaho duman sa konstruksyon.[22][24] sa tuyong makatabang sa pagbayad kan mga utang kan ama niya sa pag'uuma. Kan 1975, nagpoon na siyang trabaho bilang kontraktor sa Kerman Water Organization.[26]Manta nagpaparopahingalo, siya nag-eestera sa gym pagpabaskog kan hawak, o magdangog sa mga sermon ni Hojjat Kamyab, sarong paraplatika asin kagsunod ni Ali Khamenei, na iyo daa sabi niya an nagpukaw kan saiyang mga "rebolusyunaryong mga aktibidad.[2][27]

Paglaban sa mga ISIL sa Irak[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Si Soleimani may dakulaon na papel sa laban kan Iran kontra ISIL sa Irak. Siya an nagsararo kan pwersa nin mga Kurdish asin mga Shia ngani burunyog na bokbokon na husto an ISIS, mala ta siya an nagdidirihe kan mga operasyon kan duwang pwersa.[28]

Kagadanan na sinapo[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Si Soleimani ginadan paagi nin mga paputok kan mga drone na pinalayog kan militar nin Estados Unidos sa tuyong utasan siya nin buhay. Nangyari an siring kan 3 Enero 2020 mga bandang 1:00 a.m. local time (22:00 UTC 2 January),[29] na tuminama' sa convoy harani sa Baghdad International Airport.[30] Siya nahilig pa sanang gayo sa eroplano, na hale sa Lebanon o Syria pasiring Irak.[31] An saiyang bangkay binisto huli sa singsing na sulot niya, manta an DNA niya pig'aaram pa.[32] Kadamay nagadan iyo an apat na myembro kan Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), na nakabali si Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, an Iraki-Iranong kumander militar na namamayo kan PMF.[33]

Toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. "Qassem Suleimani not Just a Commander!—Taking a Closer Look at Religious Character of Iranian General". abna24. 10 March 2015. http://en.abna24.com/cultural/archive/2015/03/10/675792/story.html. Retrieved on 14 July 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Filkins, Dexter (30 September 2013). "The Shadow Commander". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2013/09/30/130930fa_fact_filkins?currentPage=all. Retrieved on 6 February 2014. 
  3. Joanna Paraszczuk (16 October 2014). "Iran's 'Shadow Commander' Steps Into the Light". The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/10/irans-shadow-commander-steps-into-the-limelight/381558/. Retrieved on 31 March 2015. 
  4. Kambiz Foroohar. "Iran's Shadow Commander". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150402142339/http://businessweekme.com/Bloomberg/newsmid/190/newsid/272. Retrieved on 31 March 2015. 
  5. "RealClearWorld—Syria's Iranian Shadow Commander". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150924085158/http://www.realclearworld.com/2013/09/23/syrias_iranian_shadow_commander_151825.html. Retrieved on 31 March 2015. 
  6. "Iran's 'shadow commander' steps into the spotlight". The Observers. http://observers.france24.com/content/20150306-iran-shadow-commander-suleimani-iraq. Retrieved on 31 March 2015. 
  7. "Qasem Soleimani among those killed in Baghdad Airport attack—report". Reuters. 3 January 2020. https://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Four-rockets-land-on-Baghdad-airport-report-612947. 
  8. "Soleimani To Be Buried In Kerman After Ceremony Led By Khamenei In Tehran". https://en.radiofarda.com/a/soleimani-to-be-buried-in-kerman-after-ceremony-led-by-khamenei-in-tehran/30359166.html. 
  9. "Qasem Soleimani: Thousands mourn assassinated Iranian general". 5 January 2020. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-50991810. Retrieved on 5 January 2020. 
  10. "لشکر 41 ثارالله (ع) | دفاع‌مقدس". defamoghaddas.ir. http://defamoghaddas.ir/fa/unit/%D9%84%D8%B4%DA%A9%D8%B1-41-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%B9. Retrieved on 22 August 2016. 
  11. "عملیاتی که در آن سردار سلیمانی شدیداً مجروح شد". yjc.ir. http://www.yjc.ir/fa/news/5411037/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA%DB%8C-%DA%A9%D9%87-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%A2%D9%86-%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%B3%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C-%D8%B4%D8%AF%DB%8C%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%8B-%D9%85%D8%AC%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AD-%D8%B4%D8%AF. Retrieved on 22 August 2016. 
  12. "El iraní Qasem Soleimani, "el hombre más poderoso en Irak"". Terra. http://noticias.terra.com.pe/mundo/el-irani-qasem-soleimani-el-hombre-mas-poderoso-en-irak,b6046158a64e8410VgnCLD200000b1bf46d0RCRD.html. 
  13. Soleimani Reveals Details of Role He Played in the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War Archived 24 October 2019 at the Wayback Machine. aawsat.com
  14. Shadowy Iran commander Qassem Soleimani gives rare interview on 2006 Israel-Hezbollah war Archived 24 October 2019 at the Wayback Machine. thenational.ae
  15. "Pictures reportedly place Iranian general in Daraa". http://syriadirect.org/main/37-videos/1848-pictures-reportedly-place-iranian-general-in-daraa. Retrieved on 31 March 2015. 
  16. "Iran's Revolutionary Guards executes 12 Assad's forces elements". Iraqi News. http://www.iraqinews.com/arab-world-news/irans-revolutionary-guards-executes-12-assads-forces-elements/. Retrieved on 31 March 2015. 
  17. Hermann, Rainer (15 October 2016). "Die Völkerschlacht von Aleppo" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. http://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/ausland/naher-osten/die-lage-in-aleppo-wird-immer-unuebersichtlicher-die-grossmaechte-koennen-sich-ueber-ihr-vorgehen-nicht-einigen-14481506.html. Retrieved on 15 October 2016. 
  18. Amir Toumaj (2 April 2017). "Qassem Soleimani reportedly spotted in Syria's Hama province". Long War Journal. http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2017/04/qassem-soleimani-reportedly-spotted-in-syrias-hama-province.php. Retrieved on 3 April 2017. 
  19. "Leader awards General Soleimani with Iran's highest military order". Press TV. https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2019/03/11/590717/Qassem-Soleimani-Iran-Leader-Zulfaqar-Order. Retrieved on 11 March 2019. 
  20. "عکس/ مدال های فرمانده نیروی قدس سپاه". http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/204959/%D8%B9%DA%A9%D8%B3-%D9%85%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%84-%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AF%D9%87-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C-%D9%82%D8%AF%D8%B3-%D8%B3%D9%BE%D8%A7%D9%87%7ctitle=mashreghnews.ir%7cpublisher=. Retrieved on 11 February 2015. 
  21. "Iran Guards Intelligence Chief Says Plot To Kill Soleimani Neutralized". 3 October 2019. https://en.radiofarda.com/a/iran-guards-intelligence-chief-says-plot-to-kill-soleimani-neutralized/30197639.html. 
  22. 22.0 22.1 Jamie Dettmer, Iran's Shadowy Military Commander May Prove Tough Foe in Death, 3 January 2020, VOA
  23. General Qassim Soleimani, charismatic leader of Iran's elite Quds Force who wrong-footed the West to become a key power broker in the Middle EastPlantilya:Sndobituary , 3 January 2020, The Daily Telegraph
  24. 24.0 24.1 Najmeh Bozorgmehr, Qassem Soleimani, Iranian military commander, 1957-2020, 3 January 2020, Financial Times
  25. "Treasury and State Department Iran Designations Identifier Information Pursuant to E.O. 13224 (Terrorism) and E.O. 13382 (WMD) October 25, 2007". 25 October 2007. https://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Documents/hp644report.pdf. 
  26. O'Hern, Steven (31 October 2012). Iran's Revolutionary Guard: The Threat That Grows While America Sleeps (in English). Potomac Books, Inc. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-59797-701-2. 
  27. Safi, Michael (3 January 2020). "Who is Qassem Suleimani? Iran farm boy who became more powerful than a president" (in en-GB). The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jan/03/who-is-qassem-suleimani-profile-iran. 
  28. Afshon Ostovar. Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards. Oxford University Press. p. 227. 
  29. Ghattas, Kim (3 January 2020). "Qassem Soleimani Haunted the Arab World". The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2020/01/qassem-soleimani-death-missed/604396/. Retrieved on 3 January 2020. 
  30. "Iraq Militia Officials, Iran's Quds Force Head Killed in U.S. Drone Strike". https://www.newsweek.com/iraq-militia-official-killed-us-iran-tensions-1480181. 
  31. "US kills Iran's most powerful general in Baghdad airstrike". 2 January 2020. https://apnews.com/5597ff0f046a67805cc233d5933a53ed?utm_medium=AP&utm_campaign=SocialFlow&utm_source=Twitter. 
  32. Barbara Campbell (2 January 2020). "Iraqi TV Says Top Iranian Military Leader Killed In Rocket Strikes on Iraqi Airport". https://www.npr.org/2020/01/02/793208096/iraqi-tv-says-top-iranian-military-leader-killed-in-rocket-strikes-on-iraqi-airp?. 
  33. "Trump Orders Strike Killing Top Iranian General Qassim Suleimani in Baghdad". The New York Times. 3 January 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/02/world/middleeast/qassem-soleimani-iraq-iran-attack.html. 


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