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Soberanong estado

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An soberanong estado iyo an estado na igwa nin halangkaw na otoridad sa sarong teritoryo.[1] An internasyunal na ley piglaladawan an soberanong estado bilang an pagkakaigwa nin permanenteng populasyon, nailadawan na teritoryo, sarong gobyerno na bakong nasa irarom kan iba, asin an kapasidad na mag-interact sa ibang soberanong estado.[2] Komun na nasasabotan na an soberanong estado sarong estado na independiente.[3]

Segun sa deklaratibong teorya kan statehood, an soberanong estado pwedeng mag-eksistir na mayo nin rekognisyon kan ibang mga soberanong estado.[4][5] An mga dai pigmimidbid na mga estado parating nakakaranas nin kasakitan sa pagsagibo kan tratado o magbali sa diplomatikong relasyon sa ibang soberanong estado.

Toltolan[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  1. Philpott, Daniel (1995). "Sovereignty: An Introduction and Brief History". Journal of International Affairs 48 (2): 353–368. ISSN 0022-197X. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24357595. Retrieved on 10 March 2022. 
  2. See the following:
    • Shaw, Malcolm Nathan (2003). International lawFree access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required. Cambridge University Press. p. 178. Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States, 1 lays down the most widely accepted formulation of the criteria of statehood in international law. It note that the state as an international person should possess the following qualifications: '(a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) capacity to enter into relations with other states' .
    • Jasentuliyana, Nandasiri, ed. (1995). Perspectives on international law. Kluwer Law International. p. 20. So far as States are concerned, the traditional definitions provided for in the Montevideo Convention remain generally accepted. 
  3. See the following:
    • Wheaton, Henry (1836). Elements of international law: with a sketch of the history of the science. Carey, Lea & Blanchard. p. 51. A sovereign state is generally defined to be any nation or people, whatever may be the form of its internal constitution, which governs itself independently of foreign powers. 
    • "sovereign", The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.), Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004, archived from the original on 7 October 2015, retrieved 21 February 2010, adj. 1. Self-governing; independent: a sovereign state.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    • "sovereign", The New Oxford American Dictionary (2nd ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-19-517077-1, adjective ... [ attrib. ] (of a nation or state) fully independent and determining its own affairs. 
    • Alain Pellet (1992). "The Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee". European Journal of International Law 3 (1): 182. http://ejil.org/pdfs/3/1/1175.pdf. Retrieved on 7 October 2020. "The Committee considers [...] that the state is commonly defined as a community which consists of a territory and a population subject to an organized political authority; that such a state is characterized by sovereignty; [...]". 
  4. Thomas D. Grant, The recognition of states: law and practice in debate and evolution (Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1999), chapter 1.
  5. Lauterpacht, Hersch (2012). Recognition in International Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781107609433. Archived from the original on 15 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2018.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)