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Tamil Nadu

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Tamil Nadu
The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, which runs between Ooty and Mettupalayam, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
An opisyal na logo kan Tamil Nadu
Emblem
Kanta: "Tamil Thai Valthu"[1]
(Invocation to Tamil Mother)
Location of Tamil Nadu in India
Location of Tamil Nadu in India
Tagboan: 13°05′N 80°16′E / 13.09°N 80.27°E / 13.09; 80.27Tagboan: 13°05′N 80°16′E / 13.09°N 80.27°E / 13.09; 80.27
Country India
Formation26 January 1950
Capital and Largest cityChennai (Madras)
Districts32
Pamamahala
 • HawakGovernment of Tamil Nadu
 • GovernorBanwarilal Purohit
 • Chief MinisterEdappadi K. Palaniswami (AIADMK)
 • Deputy Chief MinisterO. Panneerselvam (AIADMK)
 • LegislatureUnicameral (234)[1]
 • High CourtMadras High Court[2]
Hiwas
 • Kabuuhan130,060 km2 (50,220 sq mi)
Ranggo nin hiwas11th
Populasyon
(2011)[3]
 • kabuuhan72,147,030
 • Ranggo6th
 • Densidad550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Mga demonymTamil, Tamilan, Tamilar
GDP (2018)
 • TotalPlantilya:INRConvert
Sona nin orasUTC+05:30 (IST)
Kodang ISO 3166IN-TN
HDIIncrease 0.6663 (medium)[5]
HDI rank3rd (2015)[6]
Literacy80.33% (2011)[7]
Official languagesTamil, English[8]
Websityowww.tn.gov.in
^#  Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem, while "Invocation to Tamil Mother" is the state song/anthem.
^†  Established in 1773; Madras State was formed in 1950 and renamed as Tamil Nadu on 14 January 1969[9]
^^  Tamil is the official language of the state. English is declared as an additional official language for communication purposes.[8] Plantilya:Infobox region symbols

An Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு, Plantilya:IPA-ta, lit.Banwa kan mga Tamil) iyo an pinakahabagatan na estado kan Indya. An ikasampulong pinakadakulang estado kan Indya susog sa hiwas asin ikaanom sa pinakadakula susog sa populasyon, an Tamil Nadu iyo an erokan kan mga tawong Tamil, na an tataramon na Tamil—saro sa pinakahalawig na buhay na klasikong mga tataramon sa kinaban—iyo an mahiwas na pigtataram sa estado asin nagsisirbing saiyang opisyal na tataramon. An kabisera asin pinakadakulang syudad iyo an Chennai.

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