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Tartu

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Tartu
City
Tartu
From top: View of Tartu, Tartu old town, Estonian National Museum, University of Tartu, Town Hall Square
Mga palayaw: 
Capital of Southern Estonia[1][2]
Motto: 
Heade mõtete linn
("City of good thoughts")
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Tagboan: 58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717Tagboan: 58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717
CountryEstonia
CountyTartu County
MunicipalityTartu
First settled5th century AD
First mentionedca. 1030
Hiwas
 • Kabuuhan38.80 km2 (15 sq mi)
 • Kadagáan37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi)
 • Katubigan1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)  3.39%
Elebasyon
57.2 m (188 ft)
Pinakahalangkaw na elebasyon
79 m (259 ft)
Populasyon
(2023)[3]
 • kabuuhan97,435
 • Ranggo2nd
 • Densidad2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
Resident registration (2023)
 • Total97 712
Ethnicity
 • Estonians80.3%
 • Russians13.4%
 • other5.3%
Sona nin orasUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Tig-init (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Postal code
50050 to 51111
Rehistradong behikuloT
WebsityoCity of Tartu

An Tartu iyo an ikaduwang pinakadakulang syudad sa Estonya pagkatapos kan Tallinn. An Tartu igwa nin populasyon na 97,435 (poon kan 2023). An Tartu igwa nin populasyon na 97,435 (poon kaidtong 2023).[3] Manonompongan iyan sa 186 kilometres (116 miles) habagatan-Subangan kan Tallinn asin 245 kilometros (152 miles) amihanan-subangan kan Riga, Latvia. Namomogtak an Tartu sa salog Emajõgi, na kun saen iyan nagkokonektar sa duwang pinakadakulang danaw sa Estonya, Danaw na Võrtsjärv asin Danaw na Peipus. Poon kaidtong ika-13 na siglo sagkod sa katapusan kan ika-19 na siglo, midbid an Tartu sa kadaklan sa kinaban sa saiyang baryant kan saiyang historikal na ngaran Dorpat.

Demograpiko[baguhon | baguhon an source]

Tartu city population pyramid in 2022
Taon 1881 1897 1922 1934 1959 1970 1979 1989 1995 2000[5] 2005[5] 2010[5] 2015[3] 2020[3] 2021[6]
Populasyon 29,974 42,308 50,342 58,876 74,263 90,459 104,381 113,320 104,874 106,200 104,490 100,930 93,805 92,972 95,190

An historikong populasyon kan Tartu's historic population pigpresentar sa minasunod na talaan, basado sa data gikan sa opisyal na censuses poon kaidtong 1881[7] and Estonian Statistical Office.[8] Notaran na an data sagkod sa 2011 bakong direktang komparable sa kadaklan na dai pa nahahaloy na mga bilang is, huli ta an metodolohiya kan pagkompleto kan mga estadistika nagbàgo.[9]

Etnikong komposisyon 1922-2021
Ethnicity 1922[10] 1934[11] 1941[12] 1959[13] 1970[14] 1979[15] 1989[15] 2000[16] 2011[17] 2021[18]
amount % amount % amount % amount % amount % amount % amount % amount % amount % amount %
Estonians 42459 84.5 51559 87.6 44732 93.7 56205 75.7 68129 75.3 77597 74.3 82031 72.3 80397 79.5 79700 81.7 76227 80.1
Russians 2570 5.11 2640 4.48 1490 3.12 - - 18009 19.9 21530 20.6 24604 21.7 16245 16.1 14340 14.7 12441 13.1
Ukrainians - - 16 0.03 - - - - 1277 1.41 1685 1.61 2369 2.09 1239 1.22 891 0.91 1107 1.16
Belarusians - - - - - - - - 551 0.61 749 0.72 1088 0.96 490 0.48 355 0.36 304 0.32
Finns - - 49 0.08 27 0.06 - - 1220 1.35 1271 1.22 1275 1.12 1073 1.06 706 0.72 900 0.95
Jews 1115 2.22 920 1.56 0 0.00 - - 420 0.46 346 0.33 267 0.24 154 0.15 113 0.12 81 0.09
Latvians - - 278 0.47 1043 2.18 - - 137 0.15 197 0.19 167 0.15 105 0.10 113 0.12 268 0.28
Germans 3210 6.39 2706 4.60 - - - - - - 103 0.10 133 0.12 123 0.12 118 0.12 306 0.32
Tatars - - 6 0.01 - - - - - - 112 0.11 146 0.13 83 0.08 65 0.07 45 0.05
Poles - - 144 0.24 71 0.15 - - - - 164 0.16 179 0.16 137 0.14 92 0.09 133 0.14
Lithuanians - - 26 0.04 15 0.03 - - 102 0.11 127 0.12 159 0.14 96 0.09 74 0.08 109 0.11
unknown 0 0.00 278 0.47 44 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 378 0.37 136 0.14 255 0.27
other 902 1.79 254 0.43 335 0.70 18058 24.3 614 0.68 500 0.48 1002 0.88 649 0.64 897 0.92 3014 3.17
Total 50256 100 58876 100 47757 100 74263 100 90459 100 104381 100 113420 100 101169 100 97600 100 95190 100

Religion in Tartu City (2021) [1]      Unaffiliated (77.1%)     Lutheran (10.2%)     Orthodox & Old Believers (8.4%)     Others Christians (2.1%)     Others Religions or Unknown (2.0%)

Toltolan[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  1. "Tartu city". Visit South Estonia. Retrieved February 24, 2022. 
  2. "Tartu – European Capital of Culture 2024". Estonian Convention Bureau (ECB). Retrieved February 24, 2022. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Population of Tartu city as a settlement unit, excluding population of other settlement units of the municipality of Tartu city. Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January. Statistics Estonia.
  4. Total registered population of the municipality of Tartu City, excluding settlements of former Tähtvere Parish. "Statistiline ülevaade 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 11 Dec 2018. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Population by sex, age group and administrative unit or type of settlement, 1 january (2000–2017). Statistics Estonia.
  6. "Populasyon susog sa Etniko, Nasyunalidad, Grupo nin Edad Asin Lugar nin Residensya". andmed.stat.ee (in English). Statistics Estonia. 31 December 2021. Archived from the original on June 10, 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2023.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. "General data for 1881, 1897, 1922, 1934, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989 censuses - Statistics Estonia". www.stat.ee. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2009.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. "Populasyon susog sa sex, age group asin nasyon, 1 January". Statistics Estonia. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  9. "Definitions and Methodology". pub.stat.ee. Archived from the original on 2020-10-26. Retrieved 2023-09-07. 
  10. 1922 a. üldrahvalugemise andmed. Vihk I ja II, Rahva demograafiline koosseis ja korteriolud Eestis (in Estonian and French). Tallinn: Riigi Statistika Keskbüroo. 1924. p. 33. ISBN 9789916103067 – via Digar. 
  11. Rahvastiku koostis ja korteriolud. 1.III 1934 rahvaloenduse andmed. Vihk II (in Estonian and French). Tallinn: Riigi Statistika Keskbüroo. 1935. pp. 47–53. hdl:10062/4439. 
  12. Eesti Statistika : kuukiri 1942-03/04 (in German and Estonian). Tallinn: Riigi Statistika Keskbüroo. 1942. pp. 66–67. 
  13. Katus, Kalev; Puur, Allan; Põldma, Asta (2003). Rahvastiku ühtlusarvutatud sündmus- ja loendusstatistika: Tartumaa 1965-1990. Sari C (in Estonian and English). Tallinn: Eesti Kõrgkoolidevaheline Demouuringute Keskus. pp. 31–32. ISBN 9985-820-72-X. 
  14. Население районов, городов и поселков городского типа Эстонской ССР : по данным Всесоюзной переписи населения на 15 января 1970 года (in Russian). Tallinn: Eesti NSV Statistika Keskvalitsus. 1972. p. 76. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Eesti Vabariigi maakondade, linnade ja alevite rahvastik. 1. osa, Rahvaarv rahvuse, perekonnaseisu, hariduse ja elatusallikate järgi : 1989. a. rahvaloenduse andmed (in Estonian). Tallinn: Eesti Vabariigi Riiklik Statistikaamet. 1990. pp. 28, 33. ISBN 978-9949-7193-2-7 – via Digar. 
  16. "RL222: RAHVASTIK ELUKOHA JA RAHVUSE JÄRGI". Estonian Statistical Database (in Estonian). 
  17. "RL0429: RAHVASTIK RAHVUSE, SOO, VANUSERÜHMA JA ELUKOHA JÄRGI, 31. DETSEMBER 2011". Estonian Statistical Database. Retrieved 4 February 2021. 
  18. "RL21429: Rahvastik Rahvuse, Soo, Vanuserühma Ja ELukoha (Haldusüksus) Järgi, 31. DETSEMBER 2021". Estonian Statistical Database (in Estonian).