Archimedes

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Archimedes kan Syracuse
Archimedes Thoughtful by Domenico Fetti (1620)
Archimedes Thoughtful
ni Domenico Fetti (1620)
Native nameἈρχιμήδης
Kamundaganc. 287 BC
Syracuse, Sicily, Magna Graecia
Kagadananc. 212 BC (aged approximately 75)
Syracuse, Sicily, Magna Graecia
Midbid bilangArchimedes' principle
Archimedes' screw
Statics
Hydrostatics
Law of the lever
Indivisibles
Neuseis constructions[1]
Karera sa siyensya
LadoMathematics
Physics
Engineering
Astronomy
Mechanics
ImpluwensiyaEudoxus
Euclid
NaimpluwensiyahanApollonius of Perga
Hero
Pappus
Eutocius

Si Archimedes kan Syracuse (/ˌɑːrkɪˈmdz/;[2] ; ; c. 287 – c. 212 BC) sarong matematikong Griyego, pisikp, inhinyero, imbentor asin astronomiko.[3] Dawa pa dikit lang ang aram sa detalye kan saiyang buhay, siya an saro sa mga nanginginot na siyentista. Kinokonsiderar na pinakamatibay na matematiko sa suanoy na kasaysayan asin saro sa pinakamatibay sa gabos na panahon.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

Naantisipiran niya an pagkakaigwa kan modernong calculus asin analysis sa paggamit nin konsepto na infinitely small asin method of exhaustion hali sa pag-aram nin geometrical theorems,[14][15] kabali na an: the area of a circle; surface area asin volume of a sphere; area of an ellipse; the area under a parabola; the volume of a segment of a paraboloid of revolution; the volume of a segment of a hyperboloid of revolution; and the area of a spiral.[16][17]

Cicero Discovering the Tomb of Archimedes (1805) ni Benjamin West

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  1. Knorr, Wilbur R. (1978). "Archimedes and the spirals: The heuristic background". Historia Mathematica 5 (1): 43–75. doi:10.1016/0315-0860(78)90134-9. ""To be sure, Pappus does twice mention the theorem on the tangent to the spiral [IV, 36, 54]. But in both instances the issue is Archimedes' inappropriate use of a "solid neusis," that is, of a construction involving the sections of solids, in the solution of a plane problem. Yet Pappus' own resolution of the difficulty [IV, 54] is by his own classification a "solid" method, as it makes use of conic sections." (p. 48)". 
  2. "Archimedes". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  3. "Archimedes (c. 287 – c. 212 BC)". BBC History. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  4. John M. Henshaw (10 September 2014). An Equation for Every Occasion: Fifty-Two Formulas and Why They Matter. JHU Press. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-4214-1492-8. Archimedes is on most lists of the greatest mathematicians of all time and is considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity. 
  5. Calinger, Ronald (1999). A Contextual History of Mathematics. Prentice-Hall. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-02-318285-3. Shortly after Euclid, compiler of the definitive textbook, came Archimedes of Syracuse (ca. 287 212 BC), the most original and profound mathematician of antiquity. 
  6. "Archimedes of Syracuse". The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. January 1999. Retrieved 9 June 2008. 
  7. Sadri Hassani (11 November 2013). Mathematical Methods: For Students of Physics and Related Fields. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-387-21562-4. Archimedes is arguably believed to be the greatest mathematician of antiquity. 
  8. Hans Niels Jahnke. A History of Analysis. American Mathematical Soc. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-8218-9050-9. Archimedes was the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all times 
  9. Stephen Hawking (29 March 2007). God Created The Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs that Changed History. Running Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-7624-3272-1. Archimedes, the greatest mathematician of antiquity, ... 
  10. Vallianatos, Evaggelos (27 July 2014). "Archimedes: The Greatest Scientist Who Ever Lived". HuffPost. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/archimedes-the-greatest-scientist-who-ever-lived_b_5390263. 
  11. Kiersz., Andy (2 July 2014). "The 12 mathematicians who unlocked the modern world". Business Insider. https://www.businessinsider.com/12-classic-mathematicians-2014-7#archimedes-c-287-212-bc-3. 
  12. https://www.math.wichita.edu/history/Men/archimedes.html
  13. Livio, Mario (6 December 2017). "Who's the Greatest Mathematician of Them All?". HuffPost. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/whos-the-greatest-mathematician-of-them-all_b_5526648. 
  14. Powers, J (2020). "Did Archimedes do calculus?" (PDF). www.maa.org. Retrieved 2021-04-14. 
  15. Jullien, Vincent (2015), Jullien, Vincent, ed., "Archimedes and Indivisibles", Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited, Science Networks. Historical Studies (in English), Cham: Springer International Publishing, 49, pp. 451–457, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-00131-9_18, ISBN 978-3-319-00131-9, retrieved 2021-04-14 
  16. O'Connor, J.J.; Robertson, E.F. (February 1996). "A history of calculus". University of St Andrews. Archived from the original on 15 July 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2007.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  17. Heath, Thomas L. 1897. Works of Archimedes.

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