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Hamas

Gikan sa Bikol Sentral na Wikipedia, an talingkas na ensiklopedya
Hiroan nin Palestinong Pakikipagtusay

حركة المقاومة الإسلامية
SpokespersonFawzi Barhoum
ChairmanIsmail Haniyeh
Deputy ChairmanMousa Abu Marzouq
Founder
Namukna10 Desyembre 1987; 36 years ago (1987-12-10)
Split fromMuslim Brotherhood
HeadquartersGaza City, Gaza Strip
Sangang militarIzz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
Ideology
RelihiyonSunni Islam
Political allianceAlliance of Palestinian Forces
Colours     Green
Most seats in the PLC (c. 2006)
74 / 132
Party flag
Website
hamas.ps
HeadquartersGaza City, Gaza Strip
Designated as a terrorist group by

An Hamas (UK: /hæˈmæs, ˈhæmæs/, US: /hɑːˈmɑːs, ˈhɑːmɑːs/; Arabic: حماس‎, translit. Ḥamās, IPA: [ħaˈmaːs];sarong akronimo kan حركة المقاومة الإسلامية Ḥarakah al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah, lit. Islamikong Hiron nin Pakikipagtusay)[25] sarong Palestinong Sunni-Islamic fundamentalista,[lower-alpha 3] militant,[27] asin nasyonalistang organisasyon.[lower-alpha 4] Igwa ining serbisyo sosyal na sanga, Dawah, asin sangang militar, an Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades.[lower-alpha 5][lower-alpha 6] Ginana kaini an 2006 Palestinong eleksyon lehislatibo[31] asin nagin de facto autoridad na gobyerno sa Gaza Strip pakapangyari kan 2007 Batalya sa Gaza.[32][33] Ini igwa man mayoriya sa parlamento kan Palestinian National Authority.

An Kanada, Europeong Buronyog, Israel, Hapon, Australya, Reyno Unido asin man an Estados Unidos sarong teroristang organisasyon. An New Zealand asin Paraguay pigdesignar sana an sangang militar kaini na teroristang organisasyon militar. Dai konsiderado ining teroristang organisasyon kan Brasil, Tsina, Ehipto, Iran, Norway, Qatar, Rusya, Syria asin Turkey. Kan Desyembre 2018,sarong resolusyon na nagkokondenar sa Hamas komo sarong teroristang organisasyon dai nakalusot sa United Nations General Assembly.[lower-alpha 7] An mga lider kan Hamas Ismail Haniyeh nakabase sa Qatar.

Toltolan[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  1. Abdelal 2016, p. 122.
  2. Dalloul 2017.
  3. Abu-Amr 1993, p. 10.
  4. Litvak 1998, p. 151.
  5. Barzak 2011.
  6. AFP 2019.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Dalacoura 2012, pp. 66-67.
  8. Dunning 2016, p. 270.
  9. Cheema 2008, p. 465.
  10. Litvak 2004, pp. 156–57.
  11. Stepanova 2008, p. 113.
  12. Filiu 2012, pp. 55,64–67.
  13. Litvak 1998, pp. 151–52.
  14. "Entirety of Hamas to be listed as a terrorist organisation". ABC News. February 17, 2022. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2022-02-17/hamas-palestinian-listed-as-terrorist-group-australia-government/100839262. 
  15. "Currently listed entities". December 21, 2018. 
  16. "EU court upholds Hamas terror listing". TheGuardian.com. July 26, 2017. 
  17. Fighting terrorism.
  18. "National Police Agency" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 28, 2022. Retrieved November 26, 2022.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  19. "Japan's Foreign Policy in Major Diplomatic Fields" (PDF). 
  20. Error sa pag-cite: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na auto1
  21. "OAS - Organization of American States: Democracy for peace, security, and development". August 2009. 
  22. "Paraguay adds Hamas, Hezbollah to terrorism list". August 20, 2019. 
  23. "Proscribed terrorist groups or organisations". 
  24. "Foreign Terrorist Organizations". 
  25. Taraki, Lisa (January–February 1989). "The Islamic Resistance Movement in the Palestinian Uprising". Middle East Report. No. 156. Tacoma, Washington: MERIP. pp. 30–32. doi:10.2307/3012813. ISSN 0899-2851. JSTOR 3012813. OCLC 615545050. Archived from the original on 1 February 2022. Retrieved 1 February 2022.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  26. Cordesman 2002, p. 243.
  27. Kear 2018, p. 22.
  28. Litvak 2008, p. 153.
  29. Zweiri 2006, p. 681.
  30. Kear 2018, p. 7.
  31. Charrett 2020, pp. 129–37.
  32. Davis 2016, pp. 67–69.
  33. Mukhimer 2012, pp. vii, 58.
  34. DW 2018.


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