Mirasol (Helianthus)

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Helianthus
Sunflower during graduation season in U.P. Diliman, Quezon City.jpg
Mirasol (Helianthus annuus)
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Helianthus

Mga klase

Hilingon an teksto.

Sarong mirasol na mahihiling sa Pili, Camarines Sur

An mirasol, hirasol, o Helianthus (/ˌhliˈænθəs/)[1] iyo sarong genus na pigbibilog nin harus 70 na espesye nin mga taunan asin haraluyan na mga nagbuburak na tinanom sa pamilya nin mga daisy na Asteraceae.[2][3] Puwera sa tolong Sur na Amerikanong espesye, an mga espesye kan Helianthus iyo katutubo sa Norteng Amerika asin Sentral na Amerika.

An mga bistong ngaran na mirasol o "sunflower" sagkod ordinaryong mirasol o "common sunflower" tipikal na dapit sa mga popular na taunang espesye na Helianthus annuus, kun sain an bilog na burak na payo sa pagsalak sa mga ligules iyo may hitsura na arug sa saldang.[4] Ini asin an iba pang mga espesye, notable an Jerusalem artichoke (H. tuberosus), iyo napapatubo sa mga temperadong rehiyon asin sa nagkapirang mga tropikal na rehiyon bilang pagkakan sa mga tawo, baka, manok asin iba pa, sagkod bilang mga ornamental na tinanom man.[5] An espesye na H. annuus iyo tipikal na nagdadakula sa tag-init asin sa kaenoti kan tag-lagas, kun sain an kalangkawan kan pagdakula iyo sa katahawan kan tag-init.[6]

Mga klase[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Uni an mga klase nin mirasol kaiba an mga pangarang pang-siyensya asin mga kaapudan sa Ingles:

  • Helianthis agrestis (Southeastern Sunflower, mirasol nin sur-subangan)
  • Helianthus angustifolius (Swamp Sunflower, mirasol nin latian)
  • Helianthus annuus (Common Sunflower, an tunay na mirasol, ordinaryong mirasol)
  • Helianthus anomalus (Western Sunflower, solnopang mirasol)
  • Helianthus argophyllus (Silverleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "dahong-pirak")
  • Helianthus arizonensis (Arizona Sunflower, mirasol nin Arizona)
  • Helianthus atrorubens
  • Helianthus bolanderi (Serpentine Sunflower, mala-alas na mirasol)
  • Helianthus californicus (California Sunflower, mirasol nin California)
  • Helianthus carnosus (Lakeside Sunflower, mirasol sa "gilid nin suba")
  • Helianthus ciliaris (Texas Blueweed, "asul na duot" nin Texas)
  • Helianthus cinereus
  • Helianthus couplandii (Prairie Sunflower, mirasol nin parang)
  • Helianthus cusickii (Cusick's Sunflower, mirasol ni Cusick)
  • Helianthus debilis (Cucumberleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "dahong-pipino")
    • Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius (Cucumberleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "dahong-pipino")
    • Helianthus debelis ssp. debilis (Beach Sunflower, Dune Sunflower, mirasol nin baybayon)
    • Helianthus debilis ssp. silvestris (Cucumberleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "dahong-pipino")
    • Helianthus debilis ssp. tardiflorus (Cucumberleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "dahong-pipino")
    • Helianthus debilis ssp. vestitus (Cucumberleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "dahong-pipino")
  • Helianthus decapetalus (Thinleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "payating dahon")
  • Helianthus deserticola
  • Helianthus divaricatus (Woodland Sunflower, mirasol sa kahuyan)
  • Helianthus eggertii (Eggert's Sunflower, mirasol ni Eggert)
  • Helianthus floridanus (Florida Sunflower, mirasol nin Florida)
  • Helianthus giganteus
  • Helianthus glaucophyllus (Whiteleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may "puting-dahon")
  • Helianthus gracilentus (Slender Sunflower)
  • Helianthus grosseserratus (Sawtooth Sunflower, mirasol na "ngipong-lagare")
  • Helianthus heterophyllus (Variableleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may manlainlain na dahon)
  • Helianthus hirsutus
  • Helianthus laciniatus (Alkali Sunflower, "alkalinang mirasol")
  • Helianthus laetiflorus
  • Helianthus laevigatus (Smooth Sunflower, "makinis na mirasol")
  • Helianthus longifolius (Longleaf Sunflower, mirasol na may halabang-dahon)
  • Helianthus maximiliani (Maximillian Sunflower, Maksimilyanong mirasol)
  • Helianthus microcephalus (Small Woodland Sunflower, mirasol nin "sadit-na-kahuyan")
  • Helianthus mollis
  • Helianthus multiflorus
  • Helianthus neglectus (Neglected Sunflower, "napabayaang mirasol")
  • Helianthus niveus
    • Helianthus niveus ssp. canescens (Showy Sunflower, "hambugon" na mirasol)
    • Helianthus niveus ssp. tephrodes (Algodones Sunflower, "mirasol na bulak")

thumb|right|250px|Willowleaf Sunflower (Helianthus salicifolius)

  • Helianthus nuttallii
    • Helianthus nuttallii ssp. nuttallii (Nuttall's Sunflower, mirasol ni Nuttall)
    • Helianthus nuttallii ssp. parishii (Parish's Sunflower, mirasol ni Parish [mirasol nin Parokya])
    • Helianthus nuttallii ssp. Rydbergii (Rydberg's Sunflower, mirasol ni Rydberg)
  • Helianthus occidentalis (Fewleaf Sunflower, mirasol na "dikit an dahon")
    • Helianthus occidentalis ssp. occidentalis (Fewleaf Sunflower, mirasol na "dikit an dahon")
    • Helianthus occidentalis ssp. plantagineus (Fewleaf Sunflower, mirasol na "dikit an dahon")
  • Helianthus paradoxus (Paradox Sunflower)
  • Helianthus pauciflorus
    • Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. pauciflorus (Stiff Sunflower, "nagtatagas" na mirasol)
    • Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (Stiff Sunflower, "nagtatagas" na mirasol)
  • Helianthus petiolaris
    • Helianthus petiolaris ssp. fallax (Prairie Sunflower, mirasol nin parang)
    • Helianthus petiolaris ssp. petiolaris (Prairie Sunflower, mirasol nin parang)
  • Helianthus porteri (Porter's Sunflower, mirasol ni Porter)
  • Helianthus praecox
    • Helianthus praecox ssp. hirtus (Texas Sunflower, mirasol nin Texas)
    • Helianthus praecox ssp. praecox (Texas Sunflower, mirasol nin Texas)
    • Helianthus praecox ssp. runyonii (Runyon's Sunflower, mirasol ni Runyon)
  • Helianthus praetermissus (New Mexico Sunflower, mirasol nin New Mexico)
  • Helianthus pumilus (Little Sunflower, sadit na mirasol)
  • Helianthus radula (Rayless Sunflower, mirasol na mayong-sinag)
  • Helianthus resinosus (Resindot Sunflower, mirasol na Resindot)
  • Helianthus salicifolius (Willowleaf Sunflower)
  • Helianthus schweinitzii (Schweinitz's Sunflower, mirasol ni Schweinitz)
  • Helianthus silphioides (Rosinweed Sunflower)
  • Helianthus simulans (Muck Sunflower, mirasol nin matabang-daga, "mirasol nin pusali")
  • Helianthus smithii (Smith's Sunflower, mirasol ni Smith)
  • Helianthus strumosus (Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower, mirasol sa kahuyan na igwang mapanglaw na dahon)
  • Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem Artichoke, Sunchoke, artitsoke nin Herusalem)

Panluwas na takod[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Igwang relatibong medya para sa Helianthus duman sa Wikimedia Commons
  • Mga relatibong Data para sa Helianthus sa Wikispecies

Toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. Sunset Western Garden Book. Leisure Arts. 1995. pg. 606–607.
  2. Schilling, Edward E. (2006). "Helianthus". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 21. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 
  3. "Sunflower Production". North Dakota State University. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  4. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 978-0-19-920687-2. 
  5. RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1-4053-3296-5. 
  6. "Conservation Plant Characteristics - Helianthus annuus L. common sunflower HEAN3". USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved April 1, 2019.