Rosales

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Rosales
Illustration Rosa majalis0.jpg
Rosa cinnamomea L. asin R. rubiginosa L.
Klasipikasyong Siyentipiko e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Core eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Clade: Fabids
Order: Rosales
Bercht. & J.Presl[1]
Familia

Barbeyaceae
Cannabaceae (hemp family)
Dirachmaceae
Elaeagnaceae (oleaster/Russian olive family)
Moraceae (mulberry family)
Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family)
Rosaceae (rose family)
Ulmaceae (elm family)
Urticaceae (nettle family)

Mga kapareho

Rhamnales
Rosanae
Urticales[2]

Rosales sarong order kan tinanom na nagbuburak flowering plant.[3] Ini tugang kan clade na binubuo kan Fagales asin Cucurbitales.[4] Igwa ini nin halos 7700 na espesye, nababanga sa 260 genera. An Rosales igwa nin 9 na pamilya, an uri kan pamilya iyo an rose family, na inaapod na Rosaceae. An pinakadarakulang pamilya iyo an Rosaceae (90/2500) asin Urticaceae (54/2600). An order Rosales nababanga sa tolong clade na dai pa natatawan nin taxonomic rank. An basal clade na binubuo kan pamilya Rosaceae; asin saro pang clade na binubo kan apat na pamilya, kaayon an Rhamnaceae; an pantolong clade binubuo kan apat na urticalean families.[5]

An order Rosales sarong monophyletic sa phylogenetic analyses kan mga DNA sequence, ayon sa Angiosperm Phylogeny Group.[6] Sa saindang APG III system kan mga klasipikasyon kan tanom, pinakahulugan ninda an Rosales na binubuo kan siyam na pamilya na mahihiling sa listahan.[1] Anrelasyon kan mga pamilyang ini dai sigurado hanggang sa kan 2011, naresolba ninda ini gamit an pagadal base sa duwang nuclear gene asin sampolong chloroplast genes.[7]

An mga bistong miyembro kaini: rosas, strawberries, blackberries asin raspberries, mansana asin peras, plum, peach asin apricot, almond, rowan asin hawthorn, jujube, elm, banyan, balete, mulberries, breadfruit, nettle, hops, asin cannabis.

Taxonomy[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Sa sistema kan klasipikasyon ni Dahlgren an Rosales yaun sa superorder Rosiflorae (na inaapod man na Rosanae). Sa lumang Cronquist system, an order Rosales pirming polyphyletic. Binubuo ini kan Rosaceae asin 23 ibang pamilya na sa ngunyan yaun na sa iba ibang mga order.[8] These families and their placement in the APG III system are:[1]

Phylogenyo[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

An masunod na phylogenetic tree hali sa cladistic analysis kan DNA na naipublikar kan 2011.[7]

Rosales


Rosaceae





Rhamnaceae




Elaeagnaceae




Barbeyaceae



Dirachmaceae





 urticalean rosids  


Ulmaceae




Cannabaceae




Moraceae



Urticaceae







An Rosales sarong order napasairarom kan kingdom na Plantae.[9]

Kingdom  Plantae
Subkingdom  Tracheobionta
Superdivision  Spermatophyta
Division  Magnoliophyta
Class  Magnoliopsida
Subclass  Rosidae
Order  Rosales


Toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122630309/abstract. Retrieved on 2013-07-06. 
  2. UniProt. "Order Rosales". http://beta.uniprot.org/taxonomy/3744. Retrieved on 2008-04-24. 
  3. Peter F. Stevens (2001 onwards). "Rosales". At: Trees At: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. At: Missouri Botanical Garden Website. (see External links below)
  4. Hengchang Wang; Michael J. Moore; Pamela S. Soltis; Charles D. Bell; Samuel F. Brockington; Roolse Alexandre; Charles C. Davis; Maribeth Latvis; Steven R. Manchester & Douglas E. Soltis (10 Mar 2009), "Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (10): 3853–3858, doi:10.1073/pnas.0813376106, PMC 2644257Freely accessible, PMID 19223592 
  5. Douglas E. Soltis, et alii. (28 authors). 2011. "Angiosperm Phylogeny: 17 genes, 640 taxa". American Journal of Botany 98(4):704-730. Plantilya:Doi
  6. Walter S. Judd, Christopher S. Campbell, Elizabeth A. Kellogg, Peter F. Stevens, and Michael J. Donoghue. 2008. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, Third Edition. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA, USA. ISBN 978-0-87893-407-2
  7. 7.0 7.1 Shu-dong Zhang, De-zhu Li; Soltis, Douglas E.; Yang, Yang; Ting-shuang, Yi (July 2011). "Multi-gene analysis provides a well-supported phylogeny of Rosales". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60 (1): 21–28. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.04.008. PMID 21540119. 
  8. Arthur John Cronquist. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press: New York, NY, USA. ISBN 978-0-231-03880-5
  9. "Classification | USDA PLANTS". https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=Rosales. 

Panluwas na takod[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]