Armenya

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Republika kan Armenya
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun  (tataramon?)
Bandera kan Armenya
Bandera
Coat of arms of Armenya
Coat of arms
Kanta: 
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
"Our Fatherland"
Location of Armenya
KapitolyoYerevan
40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Pinakadakulangsyudadkabisera
Opisyal na  mga tataramonArmenian[1]
Mga etnikong grupo (2011)
RelihiyonKristyanismo[4]
DemonymArmenian
GobyernoUnitary parliamentary republic
Armen Sarkissian
Nikol Pashinyan
Ararat Mirzoyan
LehistraturaNational Assembly
Establishment history
6th century BC
190 BC[6]
52–428
885–1045
1198–1375

28 Mayo 1918
21 Setyembre 1991
Area
• Total
29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) (138th)
• Tubig (%)
4.71[7]
Populasyon
• 2016 tantya
2,924,816[8]
• 2011 Sensus
Decrease 3,018,854[9][10] (ika-134)
• Densidad
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (99th)
GDP (PPP)2019 tantya
• Kabuuhan
$32.893 billion[11]
• Per capita
$10,995[11]
GDP (nominal)2019 tantya
• Kabuuhan
$13.302 billion[11] (132nd)
• Per capita
$4,446[11] (116th)
Gini (2017)Plantilya:IncreaseNegative 33.6[12]
medium
HDI (2017)Steady 0.755
high · 83rd
CurrencyDram (֏) (AMD)
Sona nin OrasAMT (UTC+4)
Nagmamaneho saright
Kodang pan-apod+374
Pinapatron na santoSt. Gregory
Internet TLD

Tagboan: 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45 An Republika kan Armenia (sa tataramon na Armenio: Հայաստան Hayastan) sarong nasyon na dai nin baybayon na namumugtak sa pag-ultanan kan Europa asin Asya o Eurasya sa katahawan nin Caucasus. Katakod kaini sa sulnopan an Turkiya, an Georgia sa norte an Aserbaiyan sa subangan, asin an Iran sa sur. Igwa ining 3,009,800 populasyon asin an kapitolyo kaini iyo an pinakadakulang syuudad kan nasyon, an Yereban.

An Armenia dating myembro kan Republika nin Union Sobietika asin sarong nasyon-estadong demokratiko kan sistemang multi-partido na may gurang na pamanang historika asin kultura. An Kahadean nin Armenya iyo an pinakanaenot na banwa na nagsusog kan Kristianismo bilang na relihiyon na opisyal sa mga primerong taon kan siglo na IV (na petsang tradisional iyo an 301). An modernong Republika nin Armenia sarong estado na sekular, manunungod sa konstitusion kaini.

Heograpiya[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

An Armenya namumugtak sa tahaw kan Transcaucasia asin mayo ining baybayon.

Mga administratibong dibisyon[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Nababganga an Armenya sa sampulong probinsya (marzer, singular marz), kun sain an syudad (kaghak) kan Yerevan (Երևան) igwa nin espesyal na adminitratibong estado bilang kabisera kan nasyon.

Probinsya Kabisera Sakop (km²) Populasyon †
Aragatsotn Արագածոտն Ashtarak Աշտարակ 2,756 132,925
Ararat Արարատ Artashat Արտաշատ 2,090 260,367
Armavir Արմավիր Armavir Արմավիր 1,242 265,770
Gegharkunik   Գեղարքունիք   Gavar Գավառ 5,349 235,075
Kotayk Կոտայք Hrazdan Հրազդան 2,086 254,397
Lori Լոռի Vanadzor Վանաձոր 3,799 235,537
Shirak Շիրակ Gyumri Գյումրի 2,680 251,941
Syunik Սյունիք Kapan Կապան 4,506 141,771
Tavush Տավուշ Ijevan Իջևան 2,704 128,609
Vayots Dzor Վայոց Ձոր Yeghegnadzor   Եղեգնաձոր   2,308 52,324
Yerevan Երևան 223 1,060,138

† 2011 census
Sources: Area and population of provinces.[13]

Topograpia[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

An sukol kan Republika nin Armenia naabot sa 30,000 na kilometrong kuadrado, asin nakabugtak ini sa Kahalankawan nin Armenya, na pigaapod man na Armeniang historika huli ta pigkokonsiderar ini na dating harong nin mga tawong Armenyo. An kadagaan nin nasyon pano nin mga bukid asin mga salog na makaskas asin kadikit sana an mga kadlagan digdi. An kahalankawan kan teritoryo minaabot sa 4,095 metros sa itaas nin kadagatan sa Bukid Ararat asin mayong parte kan teritoryo an mas mababa sa 400 na metro.

An Bukid Ararat an dating pinakahalankaw sa Armenia, alagad, ini sakop na ngunyan kan Turkia. Huli ta pigkokonsiderar pa man kan mga Armenio an Ararat na simbolo kan saidang kadagaan, nakakaag pa ini sa eskudo kan nasyon.

Toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. "Constitution of Armenia, Article 20". president.am. http://www.president.am/en/constitution-2015/. 
  2. Asatryan, Garnik; Arakelova, Victoria (Yerevan 2002). The Ethnic Minorities in Armenia. Part of the OSCE. Archived copy at WebCite (16 April 2010).
  3. Ministry of Culture of Armenia "The ethnic minorities in Armenia. Brief information" Archived 10 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. As per the most recent census in 2011. "National minority" Archived 16 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine..
  4. "National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia – Official Web Site – parliament.am". http://www.parliament.am/parliament.php?id=constitution&lang=eng. 
  5. de Laet, Sigfried J.; Herrmann, Joachim, eds. (1996). History of Humanity: From the seventh century B.C. to the seventh century A.D. (1st ed.). London: Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 978-92-3-102812-0. The ruler of the part known as Greater Armenia, Artaxias (Artashes), the founder of a new dynasty, managed to unite the country... 
  6. Encyclopedia Americana: Ankara to Azusa. Scholastic Library Publishing. 2005. p. 393. It was named for Artaxias, a general of Antiochus the Great, who founded the kingdom of Armenia about 190 B.C. 
  7. "The World Fact Book – Armenia". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 19 July 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100719074837/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html. Retrieved on 17 July 2010. 
  8. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/. 
  9. "Statistical Service of Armenia". Armstat. http://www.armstat.am/file/doc/99475033.pdf. Retrieved on 20 February 2014. 
  10. "Armenia Population". countrymeters.info. http://countrymeters.info/en/Armenia. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018". International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=62&pr.y=6&sy=2016&ey=2020&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=911&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. 
  12. "Gini index". World Bank. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=AM. Retrieved on 27 August 2019. 
  13. "Armstat:Provinces, area and population". http://www.armstat.am/file/doc/99475033.pdf.