Blaise Pascal

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Blaise Pascal
Blaise Pascal Versailles.JPG
Painting of Pascal made by François II Quesnel for Gérard Edelinck in 1691
Kamundagan(1623-06-19)19 Hunyo 1623
Clermont-Ferrand,
Auvergne, France
Kagadanan19 Agosto 1662(1662-08-19) (edad 39)
Paris, France
NasyunalidadFrench
Era17th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolCartesianism
Jansenism
Fideism
Main interests
  • Theology
  • Mathematics
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
Notable ideas

Si Blaise Pascal (/pæˈskæl/ pask-AL, -⁠AHL, PASK-əl, -⁠al, US: /pɑːˈskɑːl/ pah-SKAHL;[3][4][5][6][7] Pranses: [blɛz paskal]; 19 Hunyo 1623 – 19 Agosto 1662) sarong Pranses na matematiko, pisiko, imbentor, pilosopo, parasurat asin Katolikong teologo.

Saro siyang child prodigy na tinukduan kan saiyang ama, sarong mambububwis sa Rouen. An gibo ni Pascal sa matematika iyo an conic sections;nagsurat siya nin significant treatise sa mga temang projective geometry sa edad na 16. Nagsurat man siya kaiba ni Pierre de Fermat sa probability theory, na nakaimpluwensya sa modernong ekonomiya asin agham panlipunan. Kan 1642, siya sarong teenager, nagpuon siya magtrabaho sa mga makina sa pagkalkula (inaapod na Pascal's calculators na naging Pascalines), na siya nagin saro sa duwang imbentor kan mechanical calculator.[8][9]

Mga Gibo[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • "Essai pour les coniques" [Essay on conics] (1639)
  • Experiences nouvelles touchant le vide [New experiments with the vacuum] (1647)
  • Récit de la grande expérience de l'équilibre des liqueurs [Account of the great experiment on equilibrium in liquids] (1648)
  • Traité du triangle arithmétique [Treatise on the arithmetical triangle] (written c. 1654;[10] publ. 1665)
  • Lettres provinciales [The provincial letters] (1656–57)
  • De l'Esprit géométrique [On the geometrical spirit] (1657 or 1658)
  • Écrit sur la signature du formulaire (1661)
  • Pensées [Thoughts] (incomplete at death; publ. 1670)

Hilingon man[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Mga toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. Vincent Jullien (ed.), Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited, Birkhäuser, 2015, p. 188.
  2. Sambiton an kasalaan: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na MCS
  3. Wells, John (3 April 2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Pearson Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0. 
  4. "Pascal". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  5. Plantilya:Cite Oxford Dictionaries
  6. "Pascal". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 14 August 2019. 
  7. Plantilya:Cite Merriam-Webster
  8. See Schickard versus Pascal: An Empty Debate? and Marguin, Jean (1994). Histoire des instruments et machines à calculer, trois siècles de mécanique pensante 1642–1942 (in French). Hermann. p. 48. ISBN 978-2-7056-6166-3. 
  9. d'Ocagne, Maurice (1893). Le calcul simplifié (in French). Gauthier-Villars et fils. p. 245. 
  10. "David Pengelley - "Pascal's Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

Magbasa pa lalo[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Adamson, Donald. Blaise Pascal: Mathematician, Physicist, and Thinker about God (1995) ISBN 0-333-55036-6
  • Adamson, Donald. "Pascal's Views on Mathematics and the Divine," Mathematics and the Divine: A Historical Study (eds. T. Koetsier and L. Bergmans. Amsterdam: Elsevier 2005), pp. 407–21.
  • Broome, J.H. Pascal. (London: E. Arnold, 1965). ISBN 0-7131-5021-1
  • Davidson, Hugh M. Blaise Pascal. (Boston: Twayne Publishers), 1983.
  • Devlin, Keith (2008). The Unfinished Game: Pascal, Fermat, and the Seventeenth-Century Letter that Made the World Modern. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00910-7. 
  • Farrell, John. "Pascal and Power". Chapter seven of Paranoia and Modernity: Cervantes to Rousseau (Cornell UP, 2006).
  • Goldmann, Lucien, The hidden God; a study of tragic vision in the Pensees of Pascal and the tragedies of Racine (original ed. 1955, Trans. Philip Thody. London: Routledge, 1964).
  • Groothuis, Douglas. On Pascal. (Belmont: Wadsworth, 2002). ISBN 978-0534583910
  • Jordan, Jeff. Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006).
  • Landkildehus, Søren. "Kierkegaard and Pascal as kindred spirits in the Fight against Christendom" in Kierkegaard and the Renaissance and Modern Traditions (ed. Jon Stewart. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing, 2009).
  • Mackie, John Leslie. The Miracle of Theism: Arguments for and against the Existence of God. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982).
  • Pugh, Anthony R. The Composition of Pascal's Apologia, (University of Toronto Press, 1984).
  • Saka, Paul (2001). "Pascal's Wager and the Many Gods Objection". Religious Studies 37 (3): 321–41. doi:10.1017/S0034412501005686. 
  • Stephen, Leslie. "Pascal". Studies of a Biographer. 2. London: Duckworth and Co. pp. 241–284. 
  • Tobin, Paul. "The Rejection of Pascal's Wager: A Skeptic's Guide to the Bible and the Historical Jesus". authorsonline.co.uk, 2009.
  • Yves Morvan, Pascal à Mirefleurs ? Les dessins de la maison de Domat, Impr. Blandin, 1985. (FRBNF40378895)

Panluwas na takod[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]