Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Christoph Bernhard Francke - Bildnis des Philosophen Leibniz (ca. 1695).jpg
KamundaganGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
1 July 1646
Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
Kagadanan14 Nobyembre 1716(1716-11-14) (edad 70)
Hanover, Electorate of Hanover, Holy Roman Empire
NasyunalidadGerman
Edukasyon
Era17th-/18th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolRationalism
Pluralistic idealism[2]
Foundationalism[3]
Conceptualism[4]
Optimism
Indirect realism[5]
Correspondence theory of truth[6]
Relationism
Theses
Doctoral advisorBartholomäus Leonhard von Schwendendörffer (de) (Dr. jur. thesis advisor)[7][8]
Other academic advisors
Notable studentsJacob Bernoulli (epistolary correspondent)
Christian Wolff (epistolary correspondent)
Main interests
Mathematics, physics, geology, medicine, biology, embryology, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, paleontology, psychology, engineering, linguistics, philology, sociology, metaphysics, ethics, economics, diplomacy, history, politics, music theory, poetry, logic, theodicy, universal language, universal science
Notable ideas
LagdaLeibnitz signature.svg

Si Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz[lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 2] (/ˈlbnɪts/;[11] German: [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm fɔn ˈlaɪbnɪts][12][13] o [ˈlaɪpnɪts];[14] Plantilya:OldStyleDateDY – Nobyembre 14, 1716) sarong Aleman na pilosopo, matematiko, siyentista, diplomat asin polymath. Saro siyang prominente sa lantad nin kasaysayan nin pilosopiya asin matematika. Bilang pilosopo, siya saro sa matibay na ngrepresentar kan 17th century rationalism.Bilang matematiko, an saiyang pinaka naakomplisyar iyo an pagpaurog nin mga ideya sa differential and integral calculus, iba man na kaisipan ki Isaac Newton.[15]

Mga Nota[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. Leibniz himself never attached "von" to his name and was never actually ennobled.
  2. Plantilya:Lang-fr Pagsayod nin Pranses: ​[ɡɔdfʁwa ɡijom lɛbnits]; see inscription of the engraving depicted in the "1666–1676" section.

Mga toltolan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Citations[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Arthur 2014, p. 16.
  2. Michael Blamauer (ed.), The Mental as Fundamental: New Perspectives on Panpsychism, Walter de Gruyter, 2013, p. 111.
  3. Fumerton, Richard (21 February 2000). "Foundationalist Theories of Epistemic Justification". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved August 19, 2018. 
  4. Stefano Di Bella, Tad M. Schmaltz (eds.), The Problem of Universals in Early Modern Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 207 n. 25: "Leibniz's conceptualism [is related to] the Ockhamist tradition..."
  5. A. B. Dickerson, Kant on Representation and Objectivity, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 85.
  6. The Correspondence Theory of Truth (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
  7. Kurt Huber, Leibniz: Der Philosoph der universalen Harmonie, Severus Verlag, 2014, p. 29.
  8. Si Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz sa Mathematics Genealogy Project
  9. Sambiton an kasalaan: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na Arthur p. 13
  10. McNab, John (1972). Towards a Theology of Social Concern: A Comparative Study of the Elements for Social Concern in the Writings of Frederick D. Maurice and Walter Rauschenbusch (PhD thesis). Montreal: McGill University. p. 201. Retrieved February 6, 2019. 
  11. "Leibniz" entry in Collins English Dictionary.
  12. Mangold, Max, ed. (2005). Duden-Aussprachewörterbuch (Duden Pronunciation Dictionary) (in German) (7th ed.). Mannheim: Bibliographisches Institut GmbH. ISBN 978-3-411-04066-7. 
  13. Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180 
  14. Eva-Maria Krech; et al., eds. (2010). Deutsches Aussprachewörterbuch (German Pronunciation Dictionary) (in German) (1st ed.). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG. ISBN 978-3-11-018203-3. 
  15. Russell, Bertrand (15 April 2013). History of Western Philosophy: Collectors Edition (revised ed.). Routledge. p. 469. ISBN 978-1-135-69284-1.  Extract of page 469.

Mga Ginikanan[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Mga Bibliograpiya[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Bodemann, Eduard, Die Leibniz-Handschriften der Königlichen öffentlichen Bibliothek zu Hannover, 1895, (anastatic reprint: Hildesheim, Georg Olms, 1966).
  • Bodemann, Eduard, Der Briefwechsel des Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz in der Königlichen öffentliche Bibliothek zu Hannover, 1895, (anastatic reprint: Hildesheim, Georg Olms, 1966).
  • Ravier, Émile, Bibliographie des œuvres de Leibniz, Paris: Alcan, 1937 (anastatic reprint Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1966).
  • Heinekamp, Albert and Mertens, Marlen. Leibniz-Bibliographie. Die Literatur über Leibniz bis 1980, Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, 1984.
  • Heinekamp, Albert and Mertens, Marlen. Leibniz-Bibliographie. Die Literatur über Leibniz. Band II: 1981–1990, Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, 1996.

An updated bibliography of more than 25.000 titles is available at Leibniz Bibliographie.

Primary literature (chronologically)[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Wiener, Philip, (ed.), 1951. Leibniz: Selections. Scribner.
  • Schrecker, Paul & Schrecker, Anne Martin, (eds.), 1965. Monadology and other Philosophical Essays. Prentice-Hall.
  • Parkinson, G. H. R. (ed.), 1966. Logical Papers. Clarendon Press.
  • Mason, H. T. & Parkinson, G. H. R. (eds.), 1967. The Leibniz-Arnauld Correspondence. Manchester University Press.
  • Loemker, Leroy, (ed.), 1969 [1956]. Leibniz: Philosophical Papers and Letters. Reidel.
  • Morris, Mary & Parkinson, G. H. R. (eds.), 1973. Philosophical Writings. Everyman’s University Library.
  • Riley, Patrick, (ed.), 1988. Leibniz: Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.
  • Niall, R. Martin, D. & Brown, Stuart (eds.), 1988. Discourse on Metaphysics and Related Writings. Manchester University Press.
  • Ariew, Roger and Garber, Daniel. (eds.), 1989. Leibniz: Philosophical Essays. Hackett.
  • Rescher, Nicholas (ed.), 1991. G. W. Leibniz’s Monadology. An Edition for Students, University of Pittsburgh Press.
  • Rescher, Nicholas, On Leibniz, (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2013).
  • Parkinson, G. H. R. (ed.) 1992. De Summa Rerum. Metaphysical Papers, 1675–1676. Yale University Press.
  • Cook, Daniel, & Rosemont, Henry Jr., (eds.), 1994. Leibniz: Writings on China. Open Court.
  • Farrer, Austin (ed.), 1995. Theodicy, Open Court.
  • Remnant, Peter, & Bennett, Jonathan, (eds.), 1996 (1981). Leibniz: New Essays on Human Understanding. Cambridge University Press.
  • Woolhouse, R. S., and Francks, R., (eds.), 1997. Leibniz's 'New System' and Associated Contemporary Texts. Oxford University Press.
  • Woolhouse, R. S., and Francks, R., (eds.), 1998. Leibniz: Philosophical Texts. Oxford University Press.
  • Ariew, Roger, (ed.), 2000. G. W. Leibniz and Samuel Clarke: Correspondence. Hackett.
  • Richard T. W. Arthur, (ed.), 2001. The Labyrinth of the Continuum: Writings on the Continuum Problem, 1672–1686. Yale University Press.
  • Richard T. W. Arthur, 2014. Leibniz. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Robert C. Sleigh Jr., (ed.), 2005. Confessio Philosophi: Papers Concerning the Problem of Evil, 1671–1678. Yale University Press.
  • Dascal, Marcelo (ed.), 2006. "G. W. Leibniz. The Art of Controversies’’, Springer.
  • Strickland, Lloyd, 2006 (ed.). The Shorter Leibniz Texts: A Collection of New Translations. Continuum.
  • Look, Brandon and Rutherford, Donald (eds.), 2007. The Leibniz-Des Bosses Correspondence, Yale University Press.
  • Cohen, Claudine and Wakefield, Andre, (eds.), 2008. Protogaea. University of Chicago Press.
  • Murray, Michael, (ed.) 2011. Dissertation on Predestination and Grace, Yale University Press.
  • Strickand, Lloyd (ed.), 2011. Leibniz and the two Sophies. The Philosophical Correspondence, Toronto.
  • Lodge, Paul (ed.), 2013. The Leibniz-De Volder Correspondence: With Selections from the Correspondence Between Leibniz and Johann Bernoulli, Yale University Press.
  • Artosi, Alberto, Pieri, Bernardo, Sartor, Giovanni (eds.), 2014. Leibniz: Logico-Philosophical Puzzles in the Law, Springer.
  • De Iuliis, Carmelo Massimo, (ed.), 2017. Leibniz: The New Method of Learning and Teaching Jurisprudence, Talbot, Clark NJ.

Secondary literature up to 1950[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  • Du Bois-Reymond, Emil, 1912. Leibnizsche Gedanken in der neueren Naturwissenschaft, Berlin: Dummler, 1871 (reprinted in Reden, Leipzig: Veit, vol. 1).
  • Couturat, Louis, 1901. La Logique de Leibniz. Paris: Felix Alcan.
  • Heidegger, Martin, 1983. The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic. Indiana University Press (lecture course, 1928).
  • Lovejoy, Arthur O., 1957 (1936). "Plenitude and Sufficient Reason in Leibniz and Spinoza" in his The Great Chain of Being. Harvard University Press: 144–182. Reprinted in Frankfurt, H. G., (ed.), 1972. Leibniz: A Collection of Critical Essays. Anchor Books 1972.
  • Mackie, John Milton; Guhrauer, Gottschalk Eduard, 1845. Life of Godfrey William von Plantilya:Notatypo. Gould, Kendall and Lincoln.
  • Russell, Bertrand, 1900, A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz, Cambridge: The University Press.
  • Smith, David Eugene (1929). A Source Book in MathematicsFree registration required. New York and London: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 
  • Trendelenburg, F. A., 1857, "Über Leibnizens Entwurf einer allgemeinen Charakteristik," Philosophische Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. Aus dem Jahr 1856, Berlin: Commission Dümmler, pp. 36–69.
  • Ward, A. W., 1911. Leibniz as a Politician (lecture)

Secondary literature post-1950[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Panluwas na takod[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]