Katharine Graham

Gikan sa Bikol Sentral na Wikipedia, an talingkas na ensiklopedya
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Katharine Graham
Katharine Graham 927-9432 (cropped retouched).jpg
Graham in 1975
KamundaganKatharine Meyer
(1917-06-16)Hunyo 16, 1917
New York City
KagadananPlantilya:Death date (aged 84)
Boise, Idaho
EdukasyonUniversity of Chicago
Vassar College
TrabahoPublisher
AgomPhilip Graham (1940–1963, his death)
Mga akiLally Weymouth
Donald E. Graham
William Welsh Graham
Stephen Meyer Graham
Mga magurangAgnes Ernst Meyer
Eugene Meyer
PamilyaMarc Eugene Meyer (grandfather)
Joseph Newmark (great-grandfather)

Amay na Pagkabuhay, edukasyon, karera[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Hube na si Katharine Meyer kan 1926

Si Katharine Meyer pinangaki kan 1917 sa mayamang pamilya sa New York City, kay Agnes Elizabeth (née Ernst) asin Eugene Meyer. An saiyang ama sarong finansir sangan naging Chairman of the Federal Reserve. An saiyang lolo na si Marc Eugene Meyer, asin an saiyang lolo sa talampakan na sarong rabi na si Joseph Newmark. An saiyang ama binakal anThe Washington Post kan 1933 sa sarong bankarotang subastahan. An saiyang ina sarong intelektwal na bohemian intellectual, may pagkamoot sa arte, asin politikal na akitbista sa Republican Party, na katood nina Auguste Rodin, Marie Curie, Thomas Mann, Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, John Dewey[1] asin Saul Alinsky.[2][3] Nagtrabaho siya bilang tagabareta sa diyaryo kan panahon an pamamahayag bihirang propesyon sa mga kababaihan. An ama ni Katharine hale sa kanunu-nunuan kan Alsatian Jewish, asin an saiyang ina sarong Lutheran na an magurang mga Aleman na imigrante.[4][5][6][7] Kaiba an saiyang apat na tugang, si Katharine binautismuhan bilang Lutheran pero nag atendir sa simbahan nin Episcopal church.[8] An saiyang mga tugang sina Florence, Eugene III (Bill), Ruth asin Elizabeth Meyer.

An mga magutang ni Meyer's may pagsasadir nin mga harong sa ibang bansa pero nakaistar sa tahaw kan totoong kastilyo sa dakulang ari-arian harani sa Mount Kisco, N.Y., asin mansyon sa Washington, D.C. Dae masyadong nahihiling ni Meyer asin saiyang mga magurang kan aki pa nin huli ta an mga ini sigeng byahe asin nakikihalubilong maray; pinakadakula siya na pirming kaiba an mga yaya, asin tagapagtukdo. Si Katharine igwang pirit na relasyon sa saiyang ina. Si Agnes sinasabing masyadong negatibo asin masyadong binababa si Katharine, ini nagkaigwang negatibong epekto sa saiyang kumpiyansa sa sadiri.

Personal na buhay[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

Kan June 5, 1940, siya kinasal sa seremonya na Lutheran ceremony,[8] kay Philip Graham, na nagtapos sa Harvard Law School asin klerk kan Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter. Nagkaigwa sindang aking babayi na si Lally Morris Weymouth (pinangaki kan 1943), asin nagkaigwang tolong aking lalaki na si: Donald Edward Graham (pinangaki kan 1945), William Welsh Graham (1948-2017) asin Stephen Meyer Graham (pinangaki kan 1952). Siya kaanib sa Lutheran.[9]

May sadiri kan Washington Post Phil Graham (pinakarayong tuo), editor J. Russell Wiggins (left), asin tagapublikar na si John W. Sweeterman kaiba si Presidene Kennedy kan 1961
Si Graham kaiba an mga Dutch news official asin U.S. ambassador sa Netherlands, 1975

Mga Nota[liwaton | liwaton an gikanan]

  1. Carol Felsenthal (1993). Power, Privilege and the Post: The Katharine Graham Story. Seven Stories Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-60980-290-5. 
  2. Carol Felsenthal (1993). Power, Privilege and the Post: The Katharine Graham Story. Seven Stories Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-1-60980-290-5. 
  3. Sanford D. Horwitt (1989). Let Them Call Me Rebel: Saul Alinsky, His Life and Legacy. Knopf. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-394-57243-7. 
  4. Hodgson, Godfrey (July 18, 2001). "Obituary: Katharine Graham". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/media/2001/jul/18/guardianobituaries.pressandpublishing. 
  5. Smith, J. Y. & Epstein, Noel (July 18, 2001). "Katharine Graham Dies at 84." Washpostco.com, Washington Post Company website. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  6. "'Washington Post' icon Katharine Graham, 84, dies". USA Today. July 18, 2001. https://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/july01/2001-07-17-graham-dead.htm. 
  7. USA Today: "Personal History" By Katharine Graham July 17, 2001
  8. 8.0 8.1 Zweigenhaft, Richard L. and G. William Domhoff The New CEOs : Women, African American, Latino, and Asian American Leaders of Fortune 500 Companies Published: 2014-03-18 |Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  9. Silbiger, Steve (May 25, 2000). The Jewish Phenomenon: Seven Keys to the Enduring Wealth of a People. Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 190. ISBN 9781589794900.