Jump to content

Navadurga

Gikan sa Bikol Sentral na Wikipedia, an talingkas na ensiklopedya
Navadurgas – an siyam na porma ni Parvati

An Navadurga (Sanskrito: नवदुर्गा, romanisado: Navadurgā), pigsasayod man na Navdurga asin Navadurgas, siyam na manipestasyon asin porma ni Durga sa Hinduismo, espesyalmenteng sinasamba durante kan Navaratri asin Durga Puja. Sa parati, ibinibilang iyan na sarong diedad, kan mga parasunod kan mga sektang Shaktismo asin Shaivismo nin Hinduismo.[1]

Segun sa mitolohiyang Hindu, an siyam na porma kinokonsiderar na siyam na tangga kan Durga durante kan siyam na aldaw na lawig kan giyera sa hadeng demonyo na si Mahishasura, kun saen an ikasampulong aldaw sineselebrar bilang Vijayadashami (lit. Aldaw nin Kapangganahan) para sa gabos na Hindu asin kinokonsiderar na saro sa pinaka importanteng kapiyestahan.[2]

An siyam na porma[baguhon | baguhon an source]

Pangenot na mga porma[baguhon | baguhon an source]

S. No. Ladawan

(Paglaladawan)

Ngaran Vahana Stage Si Parvati ilinadawan sa siyam na tangga sa siyam na manlaenlaen na paglaladawan, kun saen siya nagin an Maha Shakti sa huring tangga kan Siddhidhatri, pagkatapos ganaron si Siddhis Mantra Depiction Ref
1. Shailaputri

"Aking babae kan Kabukidan"

Nandi (toro) Si Parvati sa saiyang tangga nin pagkaaki kaiba an divine asin an principal na porma bilang si Durga ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः Siya igwa nin adorno nin linawag na ornamento sa saiyang mga tabay asin nakasulot nin pula asin kulor rosas na gubing. Igwa siya nin duwang takyag kapwa may kapot na trident asin lotus. Siya nakatukaw sa likod kan sarong puting toro. [3]
2. Brahmacharini

"Ina nin debosyon asin pagbakli"

Durga sa saiyang phase nin asceticism. ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नम: She is dressed as a female ascetic and is adorned by dried-up Rudraksha beads and flowers as her ornamentation. She has two hands, both of which carried a rosary and a water utensil. [4]
3. Chandraghanta

"Destroyer of demons"

Tiger Durga in the form of Shakti. ॐ देवी चंद्रघण्टायै नम: She has ten hands, nine of them are armed by a trident, mace, bow, arrow, lotus, sword, bell and a waterpot, while one other hand blesses her devotees. She is seated upon a fierce tiger. [5]
4. Kushmanda

"Diosa kan Kosmikong Sugok"

Lion Durga in the form of Mahashakti. ॐ ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं कूष्मांडायै नम: She has eight hands, six of which held a discus, mace, lotus, bow, and arrow in one hand, sword and rosary and the two other hands carried a jar of honey and waterpot. She is mounted upon the back of a lion. [6]
5. Skandamata

"Goddess of motherhood and children"

Durga in her stage of motherhood. ॐ देवी स्कन्दमातायै नम: She has four hands, two of which held lotuses, the third holding her son, the six-headed infant Kartikeya seated on her lap, and the fourth saves her devotees. She is seated upon the back of a lion. [7]
6. Katyayani

"Goddess of Power"

Durga in the warrior stage. ॐ देवी कात्यायन्यै नम: She is adorned with heavy ornamentation on her limbs and is dressed in green and pink vestments. Her four hands each carried a sword, shield, lotus and trident. She's seen seated on a fearsome lion. [8]
7. Kalaratri

"Goddess of Auspiciousness and Courage"

Donkey Durga in her form of destruction. ॐ देवी कालरात्र्यै नम: She has three bloodshot eyes, unkempt hairs, and wears a garland of skulls around her neck, which shone like lightning. Her four hands all held a trident, scimitar, vajra, and a cup. She is seated upon the behind of a donkey as her vehicle. [9]
8. Mahagauri

"Diosa nin Kagayonan asin Kababaihan"

Ox Durga in her form of recovery. ॐ देवी महागौर्यै नम: She has four hands, three of which carried a trident, mini-drum, and a pink lotus while her one hand promised her devotees protection. She is seated upon a white ox. [10]
9. Siddhidhatri

"Goddess of Supernatural Powers or Siddhis"

Lotus Durga sa saiyang tangga na maabot an saiyang pinakahalangkaw asin supremong porma bilang si Mahashakti. ॐ ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं सिद्धिदात्यै नम: Each of her four hands carried a discus, conch shell, pink lotus and a mace. She is seated upon a fully bloomed lotus[11]

Plantilya:Saktismo

Iba pang porma[baguhon | baguhon an source]

Segun sa tradisyon asin sa iskriturang Hindu si Navadurga igwa pa nin ibang mga porma. An Agni Purana linista sinda bilang si:[12]

  1. Rudrachanda
  2. Prachanda
  3. Chandogra
  4. Chandanayika
  5. Chanda
  6. Chandavati
  7. Chandarupa
  8. Atichandika
  9. Ugrachanda

An siyam na porma ni Rajarajeshwari sinasamba bilang pormang Navadurga sa siyam na aldaw nin Navaratri sa bantogan na Kanaka Durga Temple sa Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh.[13]

  1. Swarna Kavachalankrita Durga
  2. Bala Tripurasundari
  3. Annapurna
  4. Gayatri
  5. Lalitha Tripura sundari
  6. Saraswati
  7. Mahalakshmi
  8. Durga
  9. Mahishasuramardhini

Toltolan[baguhon | baguhon an source]

  1. J. Gordon Melton; Baumann, Martin (2010). Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, 2nd Edition. ABC-CLIO. pp. 2600–2602. ISBN 978-1-59884-204-3. 
  2. Ramachandran 2020, pp. 21-23.
  3. Sharma 2021, p. 73.
  4. Ramachandran 2020, p. 23.
  5. Ramachandran 2020, pp. 29-30.
  6. Mittal 2006, p. 63.
  7. Ostor 2004, p. 34.
  8. Ramachandran 2020, pp. 48-51.
  9. Mishra 1989, p. 36.
  10. Sivkishen 2016, p. 176.
  11. Ramachandran 2020, pp. 68, 70.
  12. Gangadharan, N (1954). The Agni Purana (in English). Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 132. ISBN 9788120803596. 
  13. Menon, Anoop. "Navratri 2017: The 10 Forms of Durga Venerated at Kanaka Durga Temple | India.com". www.india.com (in English). Retrieved 2022-08-02.